In Our Time of War

Mackenzie Wilburn

Letter

To Whom it May Concern:

Accuracy is key when writing reports on specific events. The events in which the Cubans rebelled was accurate. The Cubans actually rebelled twice if not more. To keep the us--the Americans--informed the Cubans should very well indeed send letters to our government or come up with some type of way to let us know of what is going on in your place of living. Spain sent out a new commander, General Valeriano Weyler, to put down the uprisings that were happening in Cuba. Weyler forced tens of thousands of Cubans to reconcentration camps. These camps were overcrowded, unsanitary prison camps that provided little food or shelter, causing thousands of deaths from disease and starvation. We sympathize for you--Cubans.

To Fuel Our Anger

A letter written by Enrique Dupuy de Lome, the Spanish Ambassador to Washington, was published by Hearst's New York Journal. This letter was stolen from the mail while trying to reach a friend in Cuba and was published to Journal. Americans were offended by the criticism in which this letter brought. The publishing of this letter intensified the anger towards Spain and the U.S. "underscored the power of the press to inflame public opinion."


Vengeance was called for after the sinking of the USS Maine at the Havana Harbor. More than 260 sailors died from the blasts that sunk the ship. President McKinley had sent the ship there to protect American interests from the riots. This event had helped rouse support for war with Spain as well as the de Lome letter. War with Spain has come!

The Battles

The US Navy set up a blockade of Havana and the north coast of Cuba for fighting in Cuba had begun. The plan was to join the navy at Santiago de Cuba and engage the Spanish. Together, Theodore Roosevelt and Colonel Leonard Wood helped form the First Volunteer US Cavalry, a.k.a. Rough Riders. The US forces fought an even tougher battle at San Juan Hill. San Juan Hill was the key battle in Cuba during the Spanish-American War. Despite the US's quick victory, not everything went well. About 5,500 Americans died in the war, mostly from tropical diseases. Aside from the difficulties, the United States had won a major victory in its first overseas war.

Cartoon Caption

Many argued that the islands should be independent, but President McKinley and the Republicans declared that American control was needed to keep law and order. President McKinley represents the man trying to raise the flag in the Philippines. The man in the back represents the republicans supporting President McKinley. The Platt Amendment were provisions in the Cuban constitution, that added the condition for the withdrawal of US troops in 1902, allowing the United States intervene in Cuban affairs and to buy or lease land to for naval bases. In the years to come, the United States reoccupied Cuba on several occasions. The Anti-Imperialist League was an organization formed during the Spanish-American War to oppose establishment of US colonies.