Types of Mining and Fracking
Surface and Subsurface Mining
Types of Surface Mining
Open Pit Mining ~ Basically a hole where people go inside and mine throughout the inside walls. Essentially the same effects as strip mining.
Mountain Top Removal Mining ~ The top of a mountain is removed and the seams of coal inside are revealed. It affects the environment by using blasts to remove the mountain tops that can devastate communities near by.
Types of Subsurface Mining
Drift Mining ~ Very similar to slope mining but the shaft that runs down into the earth is on a horizontal plane, cutting into the side of the earth instead of straight down. Effects on the environment are the same.
Shaft Mining ~ A vertical passageway used to access an underground mine, differs from slope as it is straight down and not on an incline and is meant for people to walk inside and whatever.