Factory System

By: Katelyn Mai, Emily Lynn, and Rebekah Swanson


A guy named Samuel Slater, a British worker, memorized the designs of the machines used in British factories in which he had worked in and brought them to the United States. in the 1790s, Samuel Slater built copies of British machines that made cotton thread. In 1814, Francis Cabot Lowell improved his mill. Lowell's factory made thread and wove it into cloth. Lowell began the factory system in which all the manufacturing steps are combined in one place.

Additional Information

  • Individual small businesses to large factories
  • They preferred female labor because they paid young girls less than men
  • The female workers were called the " Lowell Girls"
  • The US raised the labor wage because of protesting
  • State government played key role in the Industrial Revolution by encouraging new banking institutions and a vastly increased transportation network.

Overall Impact on Society

  • Shorter working hours
  • Not as much child labor
  • Better pay
  • Improved working conditions/system
  • Safer
  • More factories and products produced