Civil Rights Era

TEN Most Important Events

Brown vs the Board of Education (1954)

  • Kansas
  • The Supreme Court Justice ruled that segregation in schools was unconstintutional
  • This landmark decision underscore the the US Supreme Court's role in affecting changes in social policy

Murder of Emmett Till

  • A boy from Chicago Illinois
  • Murdered when he was 14
  • Motivated Civil Rights Movement

Montgomery Bus Boycott

  • December 1955
  • Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white person on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama.
  • Her arrest caused a boycott of city buses

Little Rock Crisis

  • Central H.S in 1957
  • prevented to attend school
  • Arkansas Governor: Orval Faubus
  • Federal Escort to their classes

Albany Movement

  • desegregation coalition
  • November 1961, Georgia
  • led by William G. Anderson
  • attracted nationwide attention but failed due to opposition

March on Washington

  • 28 August 1963
  • 250,000 walked from the Washington Monument to the Lincoln Memorial
  • MLK's famous speech "I Have a Dream"
  • Interracial, peaceful

16th Street Church Bombing

  • 15 September 1963, Sunday
  • Baptist church at Birmingham, Alabama
  • radical terrorism killed 4 African American Children and injured many
  • contributed to support for the Civil Rights Act

Selma to Montgomery March

  • 3 marches, 1965
  • grew out from voting rights in Selma, Alabama
  • Dallas County Voting League and Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
  • called help from MLK and the Southern Christian Leadership Alliance

Civil Rights Act of 1964

  • passed by Lyndon B. Johnson
  • allowed Black people to integrate with White people
  • called fro end of segregation and demanded integration

Freedom Riders

  • civil rights activities who rode interstate buses into the segregated southern United States in 1961
  • test the Supreme Court decision on Boyton v. Virginia and Irene Morgan v. commonwealth of Virginia.