Battles of the Civil War

Malia Clemons

Fort Sumter:

In Charleston Harbor, South Carolina, Fort Sumter took place. It was from the time of April 12th through 14th in 1861. On April 12th, General P.G.T Beauregard, in command of confederate forces, opened fire on the union garrison causing Fort Sumter. 580 forces were engaged in the union and 500 forces were engaged in the confederate. From the fear of safety Anderson moved his command to Fort Sumter. On March 4th of 1861 President Abraham Lincoln reported that the president only had a six week supply of food left in the fort. On April 11th P.G.T Beauregard dispatched aids to Anderson to demand Fort to surrender but Anderson refused. The next morning the confederate battery opened fire on Fort Sumter and the Civil War began. Finally, on April 13th, Anderson surrendered.


Eyewitnesstohistory.com,. 'Fort Sumter, 1864'. N.p., 2015. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.

Antietam:

In Washington County, Maryland Antietam took place. It was from September 16th through 18th of 1862. There were 131,000 forces were engaged all together. On the union there were 87,000 and on confederate there were 45,000. On September 16th, General George B. McClellan and the union army confronted Robert E. Lee. On the 17th General Joseph Hooker’s union corps assaulted on Lee’s left flank and that began the battle of Antietam. General Ambrose Bunside’s corps pushed across a stone bridge over Antietam Creek and imperiled confederate rights. Lee was out number and committed his entire force at Antietam. Abraham and the union claimed victory. More were killed and wounded in the union but there was less missing or captured than the confederate.


Eyewitnesstohistory.com,. 'Antietam, 1864'. N.p., 2015. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.

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Vicksburg:

In Warren County, Mississippi Vicksburg took place. It was from May 18th through July 4th of 1863. General Ulysses S. Grant's Army(s) converged on Vicksburg entrapping a confederate army under General John Pemberton. Grant had a new campaign against Vicksburg and the confederate defenders. The union won at Champion Hill and the Big Black Bridge got Pemberton’s forces weak. Federals assailed the rebel stronghold but repulsed with bad loss. Soldiers and civilians endured warfare for 47 days before the surrender of Pemberton’s forces on July 4th.


Eyewitnesstohistory.com,. 'Vicksburg, 1864'. N.p., 2015. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.

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Gettysburg:

The Battle of Gettysburg took place from July 1st through 3rd of 1863. It was in the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. The union’s success had flattered as confederates pushed against the Iron Bridge and exploited a weak federal line at Barlow’s Knoll. The south captured Devils Den and Peach Orchard, but failed to dislodge the unions defenders. On July 3rd, fighting had raged at Culp's Hill with the union regaining its lost ground. Lee attacked the union center on Cemetery Ridge and was repulsed. In May Lee lead the army of northern Virginia in its second invasion of the north. He wanted to weaken and threaten all of the north. On july 1st two armies collided west and north of the town.


Eyewitnesstohistory.com,. 'Gettysburg, 1864'. N.p., 2015. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.

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Sherman's March to the Sea:

Sherman’s March to the Sea took place at Bald Hill and Leggett's Hill on July 22nd of 1864. Sherman’s three armies were moved and less separated. Hood planned for his forces to drop back from the outer lines of the north city into main fortified around the city. They traveled 15 miles on hot, dusty nights and poor cavalry combined to bring four assault divisions to then deploy. A union officer hit a tree in his flight, the blow exploded his pocket watch and froze the time of his death. Around 3 p.m. Hood ordered Cheatham’s division to launch attack from Atlanta's eastern line of works. Confederate losses were 5,500 on July 22nd. Hoods effort to roll up Sherman’s left flank had failed.


Eyewitnesstohistory.com,. 'Sherman's March To The Sea, 1864'. N.p., 2015. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.

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Fort Fisher:

Fort Fisher took place on January 13h through 15th in 1865. There was a failed in December against Fort Fisher, General Ben Butler was relieved of command. General Alfred Terry was placed in command of a “provisional corps.” On January 13th union forces landed and prepared attack in May on Gen. Roberts infantry line. A selected force moved on Fort from the rear and a valiant attack followed with bloody repulse of a naval landing. Confederate Garrison surrendered, opening the way for a Fed thrust against Wilmington. South’s last open seaport was on the Atlantic coast.


Civil War Daily Gazette,. 'A Stupendous Disaster - The Fall Of Fort Fisher'. N.p., 2015. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.

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Appomattox Court House:

This battle was at Appomattox County, Virginia on April 19th of 1864. Just about 9,000 men were under Gordon and Lee deploys in the fields west of the village before dawn. This attack started at 8:00 a.m. and was lead by General Bryan Grimes of North Carolina and was successful. Lee ordered some troops to retreat through the village and back across Appomattox River. Rather than destroy the army and sacrifice lives of soldiers to no purpose, Lee surrendered the army of north Virginia. The submission of the confederate armies ended the war and began the long and difficult road toward reunification.


Civilwar.org,. 'Appomattox Court House'. N.p., 2015. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.

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Works Cited

Civil War Daily Gazette,. 'A Stupendous Disaster - The Fall Of Fort Fisher'. N.p., 2015. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.


Civilwar.org,. 'Appomattox Court House'. N.p., 2015. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.


Eyewitnesstohistory.com,. 'Sherman's March To The Sea, 1864'. N.p., 2015. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.