Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
Christian Pryor (1st Period)
Jewish members being deported to concentration camps and/or labor camps.
Resistance fighters had very minimal weaponry due to the difficulty in reaching them.
Nazi officers pictured running through the city possibly in search of a wanted Jewish member on the run.
The uprising had many small confrontations that led up to the actual result of the uprising as a whole. But the main confrontation occurred on April 19 of 1943 and lasted a little shorter than a month. A Nazi leader announced that the entire ghetto would be evacuated and all of Jewish members would be sent to concentration camps or Labor Camps. The event was to be in honor of Adolf Hitler's birthday. More that 1,000 Nazi soldiers entered the Warsaw Ghetto to start evacuation processes. Sixty thousand Jews were in hiding from German forces. In response to the preparations nearly 900 Jewish soldiers from the two resistance groups had attacked the Nazis with homemade grenades and weaponry they had received from outside sources. The Germans had to retreat from the surprise attack but came back 5 days later with strong and more powerful force.The Germans terminated every building in the ghetto. Most members of the ZOB and the ZZW fled to the sewers below the city to seek shelter. A week and a half later after nearly half of the Warsaw ghetto was demolished and the resistance leaders committed suicide to avoid the torture and torment of the concentration camps. But, resistance was still happening around the ghetto in a last effort to have some pride of fighting back before they met the fate they all knew was coming. About 300 German soldiers were killed by the resistance, however they did not come out victorious. Most of the Jewish members who were survivors were sent to the Treblinka camp where they were killed by the end of the war.
Aftermath of the Uprising
Life in the Ghetto
The Warsaw Ghetto was the largest ghetto in all of Europe.
At one point more than 400,000 Jews were all crammed into the ghetto.
Six to seven people would have to fit in one small apartment.
Over 80,000 Jews died in the ghetto.
- The sewers were a popular hiding spot to escape deportation.
Links to More Info
The United States Memorial Museum offers great information about the persistence groups and about the deportations of the Warsaw Ghetto. Along with many great facts about the specific generals and leaders involved with the groups and the Nazi Leaders overseeing the ghetto.
History.com has a great detailed description of how the actual uprising started and how it ended. And it also says a lot about the resistance groups and how they attacked the Nazi forces and really put a halt on operations in the ghetto many times, along with information about the small confrontations that happened between the resistance and the Nazi soldiers before the uprising occurred.
Altman, Linda Jacobs. "The End of the Ghettos." Resisters and Rescuers: Standing up against the Holocaust. Berkeley Heights. NJ: Enslow, 2003. 37-39. Print.
American Experience. "The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising." PBS. PBS, Web. 28 Jan. 2016. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/holocaust/peopleevents/pandeAMEX103.html>.
Jewish Resistance Fighters. Digital image. Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. Polish Greatness, 1 July 2010. Web. 29 Jan. 2016. <http://www.polishgreatness.com/warsawghettouprisingphotogallery.html>.
Jews Being Searched Before Deprtation. Digital image. Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. Polish Greatness, 1 July 2010. Web. 29 Jan. 2016. <http://www.polishgreatness.com/warsawghettouprisingphotogallery.html>.
Nazis on the Rampage. Digital image. Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. Polish Greatness, 1 July 2010. Web. 29 Jan. 2016. <http://www.polishgreatness.com/warsawghettouprisingphotogallery.html>.
To Live and Die with Honor: The Story of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising - Short. YouTube. YouTube, 4 Apr. 2013. Web. 014 Feb. 2016. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qhlwy6d8vBk>.
United States Holocaust Memoral Memorial Museum. "Warsaw Ghetto Uprising." Holocust Encylopedia. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 2015. United States Holocaust Museum Memorial. Web. 22 Jan. 2016. <http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005188>.
"Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Begins." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2010. Web. 25 Jan. 2016. <http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/warsaw-ghetto-uprising-begins>.