Trees Are Cool!

By Haley R. Price

Quercus Buckleyi Basic Info

Common Name: Texas Red Oak Growth Rate: Moderate Full Height: 30-50ft. Climate: warm weather, little rain, southwest Life Span: 100-150 years Leaves: deciduous, red in fall, kelly green in summer, 5 extending arms from stem Fruits/Flowers Produced: reddish-brown acorns; reddish-brown flowers that look like leaves and grow just before the leaves Reproduction: The acorns fall off the tree in the fall and are carried and cached by squirrels. Some of the caches are forgotten and the acorns sprout and produce saplings.

How to Grow a Texas Red Oak

1) Choose a location in full sun with well-drained soil to plant your tree. 2) Place the sapling far away from anything man-made because its roots can destroy it. 3) Dig the hole for the tree. It should be the same depth as the root ball and 4 to 10 times the diameter of it. 4) Fertilize.  5) Fill the hole with soil. 6) Pack a 3 to 4 inch mound of soil over the filled hole. 7) Water it until the mound is overflowing every day until it disperses. 8) Trim the weaker banches off the tree. 9) Enjoy your tree!!!

Texas Red Oak: Role in the Ecosystem

1) What organisms are dependent on this tree? Several species of birds use this tree to build their nests in. Squirrels and birds must eat its acorns to survive. Humans need this tree, and others like it, to create oxygen.   2) What are some limiting factors? Humans chop these trees down for lumber or clear land. Texas wildfires and severe droughts also limit the amount of trees in the area.   3) What parasites affect it? Oak Wilt, Oak Leaf Blister, Hypoxylon Canker all can harm oak trees.   4) What are some possible adaptations? After a fire, the oak roots produce seeds and grow a new tree. Their deep roots also allow them to search far and wide for water during a drought. They produce a LOT of acorns in case all the trees in the area die out. They think they will need to repopulate.   5) What abiotic factors does it need to survive? It needs sunlight, carbon dioxide, water, and other nutrients, that can be found in soil, in order to carry out photosynthesis, which is how they make their food.     6) What effects  will this tree have on the Timberview Ecosysem? They recycle the carbon dioxide we use and give us back the oxygen we need. It also will support the few animals in our ecosystem: Killdeer, bunnies, Mocking Birds, Mourning Doves, and the occasional Blue Jay.

Quercus Virginiana Basic Info

Common Name: Live Oak Growth Rate: Fast when young, but slows with age Full Height: 45ft. Climate: warm weather, little rain, southwest Life Span: 200+ years Leaves: fall throught the year, do not all drop in autumn; the shape of an eye, waxy, extending from the branch at various angles Fruits/Flowers Produced: sweet acorns; male flowers grow in clusters while females are alone or in small groups between braches Reproduction: Flowers, that are produced in the spring, create acorns which fall from the tree and are scattered by the wind and a variety of animals who cache them or try to eat them on the spot. The acorns that aren't eaten find their way into the earth and sprout as a sapling. These will grow into a tree.

How to Grow a Live Oak

1) Dig a hole just shallower than the length of your pot and three times as wide. 2) Place the tree in the center of the hole. 3) Fill the hole with only the native soil you dug up. This should be loosly packed and there will be a mound around the base of the tree. 4) Soak the tree with water every four days for the first year. 5) The roots are now set and the tree is on it's own. Well done! Now sit back and enjoy your tree.

Live Oak: Role in the Ecosystem (Same as the Red Oak)

1) What organisms are dependent on this tree? Several species of birds use this tree to build their nests in. Squirrels and birds must eat its acorns to survive. Humans need this tree, and others like it, to create oxygen.   2) What are some limiting factors? Humans chop these trees down for lumber or clear land. Texas wildfires and severe droughts also limit the amount of trees in the area.   3) What parasites affect it? Oak Wilt, Oak Leaf Blister, Hypoxylon Canker all can harm oak trees.   4) What are some possible adaptations? After a fire, the oak roots produce seeds and grow a new tree. Their deep roots also allow them to search far and wide for water during a drought. They produce a LOT of acorns in case all the trees in the area die out. They think they will need to repopulate.   5) What abiotic factors does it need to survive? It needs sunlight, carbon dioxide, water, and other nutrients, that can be found in soil, in order to carry out photosynthesis, which is how they make their food.     6) What effects  will this tree have on the Timberview Ecosysem? They recycle the carbon dioxide we use and give us back the oxygen we need. It also will support the few animals in our ecosystem: Killdeer, bunnies, Mocking Birds, Mourning Doves, and the occasional Blue Jay.