A World of Perseverance
By Brian Benforado
Cause and Effect - Jackie Robinson
Chronological Order - Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt was born on October 11th, 1884. Ever since birth, she was noted for being unattractive. People called her ugly, even her mother. When Eleanor was a girl, she was lonely and sad most of the time. There wasn't much she could do about it. When Eleanor was eight, her mother died. Afterward her brother Elliot died as well. Eleanor and her baby brother, Hall, were taken to live with their grandmother in Manhattan. A few months later, Eleanor's father had died. Three of her family members had died within eighteen months.
Just before Eleanor turned fifteen, her grandmother sent her to a boarding school in England. At this boarding school, Eleanor worked hard to toughen herself physically. Every morning she would take a cold shower and do exercises. To prove to herself that she had self discipline, she tried out for field hockey. Not only did she make the team, but she also won the respect of her teammates. Making the field hockey team was one of Eleanor's greatest triumphs she made while she attended boarding school. Eleanor had made friends in the boarding school, and they showed her affection by doing things such as putting books and flowers in her room. When Eleanor was almost eighteen she left the boarding school.
After she left, her grandmother controlled Eleanor's life. She insisted that she be introduced to society. Eleanor began going to parties and and dances. Eleanor's worries about her looks came back to her. She became very worried about her appearance. Eleanor began going to the gym to teach gymnastics. She visited poor children and took children to museums and musical performances. Then there was a turning point in Eleanor's life. She was in love with her fifth cousin, Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
Eleanor and Franklin got married in 1905. Franklin's mother became very controlling of the two, doing things such as picking where they lived and how the children would be disciplined. In 1921 Franklin fell ill with polio and was crippled from the waist down. Eleanor had changed. She had gotten involved in politics herself. Eleanor made fund-raising speeches for the Democratic Party, helped the League of Women's Voters, helped the Consumer's League, and the Foreign Policy Association. Eleanor fought against racial and religious prejudice. She got an African-American singer, Marian Anderson, to perform in front of the Lincoln Memorial. When she entered a hallway that was separated by color, she made a point to sit with the African-Americans. When the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, Eleanor helped the Red Cross by raising money. She gave blood, sold war bonds, and visited military hospitals and barracks to boost the morale of the soldiers. On April 12, 1945, Eleanor got a phone call. Franklin Delano Roosevelt was dead.
After Franklin's death, Eleanor found new strengths within herself. She tried her hardest not to drop out of the public's eye. She became a delegate for the United Nations, and gave refugees the right not to return to their native lands if they did not want to. Eleanor helped draft the United Nations Declaration of Human Rights. Even after Eleanor stopped working for the United Nations, she continued to travel to many different countries. She met many people there who were eager to greet her. She was thought by many to be an eloquent speaker. Eleanor continued to write her newspaper column and appeared on television until she died in 1962, and age seventy-eight.
Problem and Solution - "The Giver" by Lois Lowry
Description - Winston Churchill
Everyone can learn from Winston Churchill, that no matter how hard the times may seem, there is a way to overcome adversity. Churchill was out of politics for ten years, yet became Prime Minister of Britain. There is no way to accomplish anything meaningful without facing adversity, and nobody would never accomplish anything without perseverance.
The Giver by Lois Lowry
Cover of the book
Eleanor looking at the United Nation Declaration of Human Rights
Robinson running home