Facts about Afghanistan
Flag of Afghanistan
note: Afghanistan had more changes to its national flag in the 20th century than any other country; the colors black, red, and green appeared on most of them
Geography of Afghanistan
Major Land forms: It all culminates in the high peaks of the Hindu Kush, where extensions of the Pamir Mountains, Karakorum Mountains and the Himalayas all come together. Afghanistan's highest point is Mt. Nowshak which peaks at 24,446 ft. (7,485 m). In the north a fertile plain fronts the Anu Dar'ya River. In the south, below the mountains, rolling desert and scattered salt flats cover the land. Afghanistan is drained by numerous rivers; significant ones include the Amu Dar'ya, Hari, Helmand, and the Kabul - directly east of the capital city, flowing down into the Indus River in Pakistan.
Major Landmarks: Kabul Zoo, Qargha Reservoir, Gardens of Babur, The National Museum of Afghanistan, and Jama Masjid of Herat.
How the environment/geography effect the citizens lives: Has many cultural buildings and many land forms to adapt to and live by. There are many spiritual places as well.
Government of Afghanistan
Leader(s): Ashraf Ghani
How the leaders are chosen: They are elected by the people
The rights and responsibilities of the citizens:
Birth Rate: 5.14 births per woman
Literacy Rate: 38.2%
Drinking Water Source: Piped Water and Rain Water
Major Language: Dari and Pashto
Music: Religious music, instruments, etc...
Holidays: June 20; June Solstice, July 7; Eid al-Fitr, August 19; Independence Day
Entertainment: Beauty Pageants, Festivals, sports competitions, etc...
- The months May, June, September and October have a nice average temperature.
- Hot season / summer is in June, July, August and September.
- Kabul has dry periods in May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December.
- On average, the warmest month is August.
- On average, the coolest month is January.
- April is the wettest month.
- June is the driest month.
Average yearly rainfall: 327 millimeters per year
Average yearly temperature: 23 degrees Fahrenheit to 91 degrees Fahrenheit.
What effects the climate has on the country: Smog effects the atmosphere and the rainfall gives water for farmers. Afghanistan's environment has changed a lot over a long period of time, but it is unknown why.
Comapare and Contrast between the U.S. and Afghanistan
Afghanistan Geography: Has the Hindu Kush located in it. It also has the Himalayas. U.S. Geography: It has the Rocky mountains and the Appalachian Mountains.