Facts about Afghanistan

The capital of Afghanistan: Kabul

Flag of Afghanistan

Flag description: three equal vertical bands of black (hoist side), red, and green, with the national emblem in white centered on the red band and slightly overlapping the other two bands; the center of the emblem features a mosque with pulpit and flags on either side, below the mosque are numerals for the solar year 1298 (1919 in the Gregorian calendar, the year of Afghan independence from the UK); this central image is circled by a border consisting of sheaves of wheat on the left and right, in the upper-center is an Arabic inscription of the Shahada (Muslim creed) below which are rays of the rising sun over the Takbir (Arabic expression meaning "God is great"), and at bottom center is a scroll bearing the name Afghanistan; black signifies the past, red is for the blood shed for independence, and green can represent either hope for the future, agricultural prosperity, or Islam
note: Afghanistan had more changes to its national flag in the 20th century than any other country; the colors black, red, and green appeared on most of them

Geography of Afghanistan

Location: it is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.

Major Land forms: It all culminates in the high peaks of the Hindu Kush, where extensions of the Pamir Mountains, Karakorum Mountains and the Himalayas all come together. Afghanistan's highest point is Mt. Nowshak which peaks at 24,446 ft. (7,485 m). In the north a fertile plain fronts the Anu Dar'ya River. In the south, below the mountains, rolling desert and scattered salt flats cover the land. Afghanistan is drained by numerous rivers; significant ones include the Amu Dar'ya, Hari, Helmand, and the Kabul - directly east of the capital city, flowing down into the Indus River in Pakistan.

Major Landmarks: Kabul Zoo, Qargha Reservoir, Gardens of Babur, The National Museum of Afghanistan, and Jama Masjid of Herat.

How the environment/geography effect the citizens lives: Has many cultural buildings and many land forms to adapt to and live by. There are many spiritual places as well.

Government of Afghanistan

Type of Government: Limited

Leader(s): Ashraf Ghani

How the leaders are chosen: They are elected by the people

The rights and responsibilities of the citizens:

Afghanistan's Economy

Afghanistan's GDP: $20.31 billion

Afghanistan's type of money: Afghan Afghani

Afghanistan's main export: raw cotton, tropical fruits, grapes, spice seeds, and coal briquettes. Import: peat, refined petroleum, wheat flours, raw sugar, and cement.

More Economy

Life Expectancy: 60.51

Birth Rate: 5.14 births per woman

Literacy Rate: 38.2%

Drinking Water Source: Piped Water and Rain Water

Afghanistan's Culture

Type of Modern Clothing Worn: turban and local styles of coats, dresses and other normal clothes.

Major Language: Dari and Pashto

Music: Religious music, instruments, etc...

Holidays: June 20; June Solstice, July 7; Eid al-Fitr, August 19; Independence Day

Religions: Islam

Entertainment: Beauty Pageants, Festivals, sports competitions, etc...

A type of Afghanistan food.

Tahdigi is a potato and yogurt crusted rice.

Afghanistan Climate

General weather conditions:
  • The months May, June, September and October have a nice average temperature.
  • Hot season / summer is in June, July, August and September.
  • Kabul has dry periods in May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December.
  • On average, the warmest month is August.
  • On average, the coolest month is January.
  • April is the wettest month.
  • June is the driest month.

Average yearly rainfall: 327 millimeters per year

Average yearly temperature: 23 degrees Fahrenheit to 91 degrees Fahrenheit.

What effects the climate has on the country: Smog effects the atmosphere and the rainfall gives water for farmers. Afghanistan's environment has changed a lot over a long period of time, but it is unknown why.

Afghanistan History

The first Anglo-Afghan War occurred during 1839-1842. Wars have lead up to present day War in Afghanistan which started in 2015 and is still happening. Wars have happened all throughout these years and even before that.

Comapare and Contrast between the U.S. and Afghanistan

Afghanistan Government:Has a limited government. They vote for their presidents. U.S. Government: Has a limited government. They vote for their presidents.

Afghanistan Geography: Has the Hindu Kush located in it. It also has the Himalayas. U.S. Geography: It has the Rocky mountains and the Appalachian Mountains.