Serena Mills Sarah Hymer Elizabeth Fisher

Summary of the Holocaust

The Holocaust refers to a specific genocidal event in twentieth-century history: the state-sponsored, systematic persecution and annihilation of European Jewry by Nazi Germany and its collaborator

between 1933 and 1945. Jews were the primary victims—

6 million were murdered’ Gypsies, the handicapped, and Poles were

also targeted for destruction or decimation for racial, ethnic, or

national reasons. Millions more, including homosexuals, Jehovah’s

Witnesses, Soviet prisoners of war, and political dissidents, also suffered grievous oppression and death under Nazi tyranny.

Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler was elected Chancellor of Germany on January 30, 1933 as the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party. Thousands left the country fearing their lives.

Hitler began issuing laws barring Jews from holding professional positions within the country. Jews were then banned from being civil servants, professors, lawyers and doctors. in 1935, hitler enacted the Nuremberg Laws, which took away the citizenship of German Jews and deprived then of all civil rights.

The Holocaust in color Nazi rising terror and concentration camps

Concentration Camps

Auschwitz- The largest of its kind established by the Nazi regime. It included three main camps, all of which deployed incarcerated prisoners at forced labor. The camps were located approximately 37 miles west of Krakow, near the prewar German-Polish border in Upper Silesia, an area that Nazi Germany annexed in 1939 after invading and conquering Poland

Belzac- The death camp at Belzec was located in South Eastern Poland, within the Lublin District, near the remote village of Belzec, on the Lublin – Lvov railway line. In early 1940 the Germans set up a number of labour camps in and around Belzec, housing workers building the so-called “Otto Line,” a series of fortifications on the border with the Soviet Union. These Jewish labour camps were disbanded in October 1940

Deaths in the Holocaust

Big image
Big image
This is a picture of victims of a concentration camp. Concentration camps were where mass slaughters of Jews took place. Adolf Hitler and the Nazi's ran these concentration camps.
Holocaust Survivor Reflections: Stories of Courage

Essentials Question

1 Who was responsible for the Holocaust? consider the roles played by the Nazi, bystanders, allies and and the Jews?

2 How was it possible for modern society to carry out the systematic murder of people for no reason other than that they were Jews?