Rabies Virus

By: Makayla Mendez

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Common Name: Rabies

Scientific Name: Lyssavirus

Characteristic of rabies virus:

  • Viral
  • Not a retrovirus
  • Bullet-shaped
  • Has spikes made from glycoprotien
  • Made from RNA
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Transmitted, Diagnosed, and Treated:

Transmitted through bite or scratch from diseased mammal to non-diseased mammal.


  • skunks
  • raccoons
  • bats
  • domestic cats and dogs
  • humans
  • wild dogs

Diagnosed using samples of saliva, serum, spinal fluid, skin biopsies, series of tests; for example direct fluorescent anitbody (DFA)

  • For humans several tests are required.



Treated by series of shots, no specific treatment, most likely always fatal.

Symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Excess saliva
  • Muscles spasms
  • Paralysis
  • Pain in muscles
  • Hallucinations
  • Can be irritable
  • Deliriousness
  • Nauseousness
  • Excess vomiting

Can prevented by taking precaution when around animals.