The Psychedelic Seventies

A Decade guided by the Embracing of different Cultures


Pierre Elliot Trudeau, prime minister of Canada from 1968 to 1979 and 1980 to 1984 , said, “The past is to be respected and acknowledged, but not to be worshipped. It is our future in which we will find our greatness.”

In many ways, the decade that began in 1970 and during which our Nation was led mainly by one premier, witnessed many new trends in the social, political and economic arenas, thus achieving new levels of greatness. As the World’s population reached 3.63 billion, Canada embraced multiculturalism and saw a surge in the number of immigrants from all over the globe.

By examining the changing face of our population, one can see that their non-traditional views contributed to Canada’s political independence from the United Kingdom and the United States of America. In many different ways the country’s societal development also resulted in a series of new taxes and credits, after the expanding inflation rate. These many initiatives positioned Canada as an emerging power in the global economy.

The 3 Areas Examined


During the 70s, Canada branched out from the United States and Great Britain to create alliances with other countries, such as the Soviet Union, Cuba and China. Prime Minister Trudeau also assured minor cultural groups, especially those from Quebec, that they are an essential part of Canada.

Click here to see a collection of the events that had the greatest political impact on Canada during this decade.


During the 1970s, the job market expanded in Canada to include the new diversity. The economy also had to account for adaptations to provide for these immigrants, especially the less fortunate ones.

Click here to go through a compilation of the occurrences during the 1970s that led Canada to have such a strong economy.


In between 1970 and 1979, the social scene in Canada evolved. Different ethnic and cultural voices' became increasingly heard. The Inuit people, the Franco-Canadians (especially those from Ontario and Quebeckers) exercised their human freedoms : freedom of speech, freedom of opinion, freedom to express their affiliations. Finally, the inclusion of new cultures in Canada was a big step forward with respect to the Canadian Human Charter of Rights.

Click here to view an accumulation of the events in between 1970 and 1979 that influenced and empowered Canada's culturally-accepting society that we live in today.