Perspectives of Psychology

By: Elise Brown

Neuroscience

Neuroscience is the study of the nervous system and how it correlates to psychological skills and abilities. In order to study the nervous system scientists often times study human and animal brains. Neuroscience also takes into account how drugs affect the brain and chemistry of the brain. Placing electrodes on a person's scalp to stop nervous problems is an example of neuroscience.


A recent study was conducted in which researcher's sought to discover the difference between the male and female brain. Researcher's found that men have more activity in the frontal lobes, explaining why men tend to have better motor skills. Women on the other hand have more neurotransmitters on both sides of their brains. At the age of 13 (puberty), it was noted that these changes took place.

Evolutionary Psychology

Evolutionary psychology is the science behind why the brain functions in certain ways and how over time these adaptions have taken place. Important examples of how evolutionary psychology are language, sex, and mating. A prime example of evolutionary psychology is the practice of how humans have evolved over time. Humanity plays a major role into how evolutionary psychology is conducted.

Behavioral Genectics

Behavioral genetics attempts to explain how genetics affects the personalities of individuals. An individuals environment is often taken into account when studying behavioral genetics. Nature vs. nurture is an important concept in behavioral genetics. One's surrounding environment is known to affect the personality, however, everyone is born with genetics that also play into personality traits. Nurture vs. nature supports the idea that a parent's education level or methods of upbringing will strongly affect the child. A study that was conducted by John B. Watson tested how phobias begin with a baby known only as Little Albert. It was found that Albert associated his fears with fury animals with unpleasant sensations.

Social Culture

Social cultural psychology studies how people form an impression of themselves and other. An example of social cultural psychology is the perceived notion that minorities are inferior. A case study revealed that people are biased towards individuals that are not similar to them.

Cognitive

Cognitive psychology study how people think, learn, and remember. Cognitive psychology is very closely related to evolutionary psychology. An example would be how languages are learned. A study was done on both children and adults to test how fast a language could be learned. It was found that the language was learned more efficiently in children.

Behavioral Psychology

Behaviorism is the idea that behaviors are learned through associated situations. For example, fear in children is a learned behavior that is acquired with association of a negative event. A famous study conducted by Mary Cover Jones using desensitization therapy that reveals by stimuli where the phobia is being formed while using Peter, a 3 year old and his phobia of rabbits.

Psychodynamic

Psychodynamic is the approach that unconcious personality and brain functions drive a person. Sigmund Freud is known as the father of psycho-dynamic psychology. It is believed that a person's events from childhood will motivate their actions in adulthood. Case studies were carried out by Freud that were mainly on women. It supported his theory, however he may have been biased.
Sigmund Freud: Id, Ego, Superego- Psychodynamic theory- Unconscious, Preconscious, Conscious
BBC Horizon - The Secret You

Video Explanations

The way one learns is depended upon the chemistry of the brain. It is found that people with brain injuries often times have problems learning or remembering details. This is known as retroactive amnesia and retrograde amnesia. When it comes to yourself subconsciously you hold a view. Whether or that view is a healthy view is often not not perceived by those individuals.


Thoughts and feelings towards individuals have been shown to come from an unconscious source in a person. The environment in which a person resides often times influences how they view themselves and their peers. People are able to persuade others by subconsciously appealing to their emotions.


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