Religion, Philosophy, and the Arts


Pericles Strengthening Democracy

The most important thing he did do strengthen democracy was to have the city pay a salary to its officials. This affected them because that meant that the poor could afford to hold public office.


Greek Gods

Wherever the Greeks lived, they built temples to the gods. The gods had human forms but, the only difference was is that the gods are immortal. And, each god had different types of things they would control. For example, Ares was the god of war. People would worship these gods and hold festivals to sacrifice a portion of there food or animals to these gods.

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The Visual and Dramatic Arts

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The Parthenon

The Parthenon was constructed by Pericles. The Acropolis (the religious center of Athens) was destroyed in 480 B.C., when there was a lot of wars going on. Pericles decided to rebuild it and create new building to glorify the city. Pericles was known for making Athens a beautiful city. the builders of the Acropolis brought Greek architecture to its highest point. The best work was the construction of the Parthenon, a temple for the goddess: Athena. The temple was made of marble. Rows of columns surrounded it on all four sides. Within the columns was a room that held a statue of Athena, made of wood, ivory, and gold. The Statue rose 40 feet, as high as a four story building. But, the statue dissapeared a long time ago. Some of the building still exist though. Many of the scenes that decorate the Parthenon have three important characteristics. First, they are full of action. Second, the artist carefully arranged the fingers to show balance and order. Third, the sculpture are lifelike and accurate.

What I Enjoyed Most

The thing I probably enjoyed the most about the history of Greece was probably learning about the Greek gods, Pericles, and the Parthenon. I also like the parts about Aristotle, Plato, and Socrates.