Exploring River Valley Civilization

By Blake Winkler

Indus River Valley

The Indus River Valley was formed by 7 rivers. It was formed when the 7 rivers converged together.
Big image
"Indus River valley in present-day India." Photos/Illustrations. Corel. World History: Ancient

and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2015. Web. 26 Aug. 2015.

Cities

Two major cities of the Indus River Valley are Harappa and Kalibangan.

Government

Because it is apparent that religion was a large part of the culture in Indus, the government in Indus may have been a theocracy or a priest could have been the highest and person head of Indus.

Social Structure

In the Indus River Valley social classes were important. Indus’ social structure followed a four caste system. The priests and gods were the highest of the socials society because religion was such a large part of the culture in the Indus River Valley. Next were kings and warriors, then merchants, and lastly at the bottom were servants and peasants.

Culture

  • Religion

    • Bathing was a popular idea in Indus. They had a public bath called the Great Bath and families also had baths. This is important because it played a large part of the religion in Indus because cleanliness was a main part of their religion.

  • Art

    • The main art form for the Indus River Valley was pottery. Much of the pottery made was of clay idols or animals. Another type of clay art that was popular in the Indus River Valley was glypticc art where numbers and drawings were depicted into clay.

Big image
"Indus Valley Civilization." Indus Valley Civilization. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Aug. 2015.

Writing

People living in Indus wrote using hieroglyphics. Archaeologists were not able to decipher exactly what the hieroglyphics were saying about the religion, therefore a main religion for Indus could not be determined.

Ruins where bath rituals/other religious events occurred

Big image
"Citadel ruins at Mohenjo-Daro." Photos/Illustrations. Yousaf Fayyaz/Fotolia. World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2015. Web. 26 Aug. 2015.
Watts, Tim J. "Indus River valley." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2015. Web. 26 Aug. 2015.

China River Valley

Cities

Anyang and Luoyang were two very important cities in the China River Valley. The China River Valley was one of the first civilizations and these two cities were two of the main, thriving cities in the river valley. The soil here was some of the most fertile soil in the world, which made growing crops easier.

Government

The early Chinese Civilization was a dynasty. This means that it was ruled by a family and power was passed down from emperors to their oldest sons. This power continued to be passed down as long as the family could prove they had the "Mandate to Heaven"
Big image

Social Structure

The top of the social hierarchy was the monarch. The monarch of the river valleys served as a political leader as well as a religious leader for the cities. The father was the leader of the house. The population was split into social classes, the peasants and the landowners, all of course under the monarch.

Culture

  • Religion

    • The leader of the river valley was the religious leader. This monarch practiced divination in the river valley in order to gain knowledge from a supernatural force. They believed that the rulers had the Mandate to Heaven. This means that they believed that you must have permission from the gods to rule.

  • Art

    • One art form back in the Chinese River Valley was the creation of burial goods. These burial good filled the tombs of important people in the civilization. Some other types of arts were pottery. People would make many pots, bowls, and polished pottery.

Big image

Writing

The Chinese used pictograms to document their writing. A pictogram was a piece of pottery with an icon or symbol on it. This icon or symbol was there to convey an idea or message as a form of writing.
Big image
"Shang China: Civilization in the Yellow River Valley (Visual)." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO,2015. Web. 27 Aug. 2015.

Mesopotamia

Cities

A few of the major cities in Mesopotamia are Babylon, Ur, and Larsa.

Government

There were vast bureaucracies that used cuneiform writing to communicate with each the people as well as establish laws collect regular taxes from the people. At one point there was a book of law called “The Code Of Hammurabi” that listed laws/ customs in writing so that their rules were more standard and known by more people.

There were many different empires that ruled over Mesopotamia for example, the Sumerians, Akkadians, Babylonians, Hurrians, Chaldeans, and the Persians.


Social Structure

Slaves were present in Mesopotamia. Even women and children could be pledged as slaves if their husband/father was in heavy debt. In that time, women were generally defined by their marriages and their social status reflected the wealth and success of their husbands based on their own fortunes or misfortunes.

Culture

Art

  • In Mesopotamia art was heavily tied in with religion. Most art consisted of statues of their deities or pottery with heavy decorations that also could depict their deities.

Religion

  • Many people believed there were a few creator deities: Tiamat, Ninhursag, Aruru, Inanna, and Ishtar. Tiamat was the original deity. Ninhursag and Aruru were believed to be the creators of humans. Inanna was heavily worshiped by the Sumerians and Ishtar was heavily worshipped by Semitic Babylonians and Assyrians.

Big image

Writing

In Mesopotamia, cuneiform was used to write. Cuneiform is one of the earliest forms of writing that was achieved by using different wedge shaped markings, usually on dried clay tablets. Cuneiform was used for general correspondence between people in Mesopotamia, as well as use by the king/ruler who would write laws/rules for the people to follow in cuneiform.
Big image

Egypt

Cities

Two of the main cities from the ancient Egypt River Valley were Tasian and Badarian.

Government

Ancient Egypt was lead by kings who were believed to be the descendants of the sun god, Ra. People believed that through the king they were able to communicate with Ra, so the king had absolute power. The king was responsible for several things though, like the harvest and irrigation of crops, leading the government and army, and regulation of foreign policies and trade.
Big image

Social Structure

Slaves were found all throughout ancient Egypt and they were expected to do the harsh labor that was necessary while also facing oppression. The top of the social chain was obviously the king who maintained full control over the entire empire.
Big image

Culture

Art


  • The art of ancient Egypt was comprised of hieroglyphics and also pottery decorated with depictions of people, rulers, and gods. Hieroglyphics were also their writing style which consisted of small drawings and depictions of different objects and people that meant different things. They are similar to cave drawings but more complex.


Religion


  • The people of Egypt had their own gods who they believed their kings could communicate with. These gods were Ra, Anubis, Bastet, Mathor, Haket, Horus, Isis, Khnum, Maat, Neith, Nephthys, Nun, Osiris, Ptah, Tetnut, Thoth, Selket, Sobek and Set.

Writing

In ancient Egypt, their writing consists of the use of hieroglyphics that were pictures that had certain meanings that could be used to depict different people, stories, gods, objects, events, etc.
Big image