Mediterranean

By: Miranda McLain

Climate Location


A Mediterranean climate is found in regions bordering the Mediterranean Sea, and in Australia and California. It is characterized by hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters.

Yearly Percipitation

The average annual precipitation is 10-20 inches. The kind of precipitation is rain. The average rainfall for the entire winter is 6.8 inches. The average rainfall for the entire spring is 2.2 inches. The average rainfall for summer is .2 inches. The average rainfall for fall is 4.2 inches.

Seasons and Temperature Range

The temperature Range is 7 °C (12 °F)

Factors Affecting Climate

This is a wet-winter, dry-summer climate. Extremely dry summers are caused by the sinking air of the subtropical highs and may last for up to five months.

Plants have adapted to the extreme difference in rainfall and temperature between winter and summer seasons. Sclerophyll plants range in formations from forests, to woodland, and scrub. Eucalyptus forests cover most of the chaparral biome in Australia.