Patrick Henry, Revolution politic

By: Gary Vaidya, Sol Lee, Bahrati Murtty, Zach Grondines

Biography of Patrick Henry

Patrick Henry was born in Hanover County, Virginia, as the second son of John Henry, a successful Scottish-born planter and Sarah Winston Syme. In 1754, Henry married Sarah Shelton, who he had six children with. After Sarah died, Henry remarried to Dorothea Dandridge and had eleven children together. Patrick Henry, a lawyer and a politician, has been involved with numerous cases as a lawyer and developed a reputation as a powerful and persuasive speaker. In 1776, Henry was elected Governor of Virginia and was re-elected for three terms. He was again elected into office by 1787. As a member of the House of Burgesses, Henry made a powerful and convincing speech against the Stamp Act, the law passed by Britain in 1765 that placed a tax on printed materials and business transactions in the American colonies. For ten years, he used his voice and wide support to lead the anti-British movement in the Virginia legislature. During the Boston Tea Party crisis, Henry traveled with George Washington and others to Philadelphia as representatives that met in Virginia on the way to the First Continental Congress, a group of colonials to discuss their dissatisfaction with British rule. Henry urged the colonists to write in firm resistance toward Britain. After being elected to the first Virginia Revolutionary Convention in March 1775, he gained support for measures to arm the colony and declared that Britain, by passing dozens of unfair measures, had proved that it was hostile toward the colonies. The representatives were greatly affected by Henry’s powerful speech and yearned to fight for independence.


Citizenship of Patrick Henry

Definition- the status of a citizen with rights and duties


Patrick Henry did display citizenship throughout his career. He exercised his duty as a lawyer and politician to improve the lives of the colonials. Henry created the Stamp Act resolution, which implied that colonials has the same rights as the English. This act, along with four other resolutions, aided the colonials thus proving that he effectively did his duty to his fellow colonials. Henry also practiced his right of speech by repeatedly speaking out against the British. He delivered his speech, famously known as "Give me liberty of give me death!", in 1775 which proved that he wielded his right of free speech as a weapon against the English.


Integrity

The definition of integrity is the quality of being honest and having strong moral principles. Patrick Henry had a strong integrity within him because of he was passionate of helping the common people.

In 1763, he realized that he wanted to help the common people. He stood up to church officials who filed a lawsuit against their church members by defending them in court. He defended them because he believed they were being pushed around by the church officials. He claimed that the British government was encouraging the church officials' behavior.

Another example of his integrity was his kindness to his dementia-stricken wife. When his family moved to a Schotchtown plantation in Hanover County, Sarah was having terrible dreams and started showing dangerous behavior towards her family. She became dangerous enough that she had to be clothed in a Quaker Shirt, a kind of straight jacket. Henry's physician suggested that he take her to a public hospital in Williamsburg but after Henry inspected the facilities, he declined. He said that he didn't want his wife to be locked in a windowless brick. Instead, he prepared a living arrangement for her in the basement of their plantation. This two-room apartment had a window in each room and a fireplace for warmth. Instead of letting his wife spend her days of insanity in a windowless brick, he provided her a proper place to stay comfortably until she died the following year.


Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death Patrick Henry