Today and yesterday.
Summer- the summers are very hot. The temperature ranges from 110-130 degrees. The Tigris and the Euphrates dry out, and the mud turns to dry dust. Winter- in the winter it is mostly rainy. There is snow and ice there as well which made a supply of water in the spring. Spring- the snow and ice melts. The melting snow and ice go into the Tigris and the Euphrates river.
The present day Mesopotamia is Iraq.
THEN AND NOW
Agriculture- there was a lot of crops to grow. Mesopotamia was dry, and hardly ever got any rain. Irrigation helped greatly because it stopped their plants from flooding.
What did they eat?
The upper class people ate all of the same food as lower class people but they also had unleavened bread, milk, beer, and expensive meats.
Why did they live by water?
The steps of farming
Plough- after you flood the field you have to plough the field to rotate the soil.
Harrow- after you plough the field you have to take the harrow through the field to smooth it out and make it even.
Sow- now that you have ploughed and harrowed the field you have to put the seeds in the ground.
Water- now you have to water the field 3 times after you have sown it.
Harvest- the crops are ready now, so you must take the crops up and bring it to the threshing house.