Tourette syndrome

Symptoms for Tourette syndrome

It causes Tics, that can be movement or sounds.


Simple tics are sudden but only involving a limited number of muscle groups.

Example: Eye blinking and Hiccuping

Complex tics are time to time and it involves serveral muscle groups.

Example: Touching the nose and Using different tones of voice.

Statistics and what ethnic groups does this mostly occur in...

1 out of every 360 people in the united states suffers Tourette syndrome.


It happens in every ethnic groups because it's pretty common worldwide.

Famous and historical people who has Tourette syndrome

  • Tim Howard (In picture, Left)
  • Dash Mihok
  • Wolfgang Amdeus Mozart
  • Howard Hughes
  • Marc Summer
  • Dan Ackroyd
  • David Beckham
  • Dr.Samuel Johnson
  • Jim Eisenreich
  • Michael Wolff (In picture, bottom)
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Treatments for Tourette syndrome

Medications do exist to control tics.

There are also injections like Botulinum toxin type A that can help relieve the tic by blocking the nerve activity in the muscle that causes the tics but this will not last long.

Stimulant medications can help people focus more and be more alert.

Central adrenergic innibitors help control problems and rage attacks by preventing the brain from sending signals to your nervous system that can speed up the heart rate and narrow your blood vessels. Antidepressants to control symptoms like sadness , anxiety and OCD. There is also therapies that help like :

Psychotherapy (talk therapy)- Helping you cope with Tourette syndrome and other problems like ADHD, obsession, depression and anxiety.

Behavior therapy (habit reversal) - A urge before the tic can make you have uncomfortable sensations so you learn to respond to these urges by moving in that way so it stops the tic from happening.

Deep brain stimulation- When severe tics that don't respond to other therapy can do deep brain stimulation. A battery-operated medical device is implanted in the brain so the device can deliver electrical stimulation to the targeted area that control movement.

Where does the mutation occur and it effects what protein?

The mutation occurs in the Brain when something abnormal in both the brain and the nervous system. The brain chemicals goes to the nervous system and something abnormal happens causing tics. This affects the SLITRK1 protein the one responsible for the development of nerve cells.

Is there a cure? How do you inherit it? A extra information about Tourette syndrome

There is no cure because the symptoms will lessen over the teens years. You can inherit this if you have a family history of Tourette syndrome or if you are a male.

People with Tourette syndrome may have other disorders like ADHD, depression, a learning disability and other disabilies.

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Links I used

mayoclinic.org

cdc.gov

ghr.nlm.nih.gov