Bolivia

By: Tiffany Muzic

A little about Bolivia

Bolivia is found in South America with the boardering countries of Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Peru, and Paraguay.

Culture and its impact on citizens.

Identification. Bolivia is named after Simón Bolívar, a leader in the nineteenth-century wars of independence against Spain. The national culture is an amalgam of Hispanic and pre-Hispanic elements with three cultural traditions: (1) Quechua/ Aymara (roughly 34 percent and 23 percent of the population, respectively), centered in the high-altitude plateau and valley mountain regions (highlands) and corresponding to the two (Quechua- and Aymara-speaking) traditions that existed before the Spanish conquest of the sixteenth century; this "Andean" tradition extends from southern Colombia to northern Chile and Argentina and roughly corresponds to the boundaries of the Incan Empire, whose capital was Cuzco, Peru; (2) Spanish or Hispanic (roughly 87 percent of the population), derived from the cultural heritage of the conquering Spaniards; and (3) several dozen small Amazonian ethnic groups in the eastern lowlands.

Economics and Politics

Bordering Peru and Chile to the west, Argentina and Paraguay to the south, and Brazil to the north and east, it is divided into nine political–administrative units called departments.

Basic economy. Silver(and, later, tin) mining and agriculture in the highlands have historically been the twin pillars of the economy. The nation traditionally has produced and exported raw materials and imported manufactured and processed goods. In 1994, agriculture accounted for 16 percent of the gross domestic product, mining and hydrocarbons almost 10 percent, and manufacturing and industry over 13 percent. Bolivia is self-sufficient in oil and natural gas and exports significant quantities of both. Tourism has emerged as an important economic force. The currency for Bolivia is Boliviano.

The unemployment rate in Bolivia is about 7.50%.

The growth rate of Bolivia is about 5.20%.


POLITICS:



Constitution







Presidency







Legislative







Judiciary


statistic summary

Region: South America

Currency: Boliviano (BOB)

Surface area (square kilometres): 1098581

Population in 2011 (estimated, 000): 10088

Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre): 9.2

Capital city and population in 2011 (000): Sucre (307)

La Paz is the capital and the seat of government; Sucre is the legal capital and the seat of the judiciary.

United Nations membership date: 14 November 1945