Amber S. 2nd
What was the Change?
Who were the people associated with the change?
Johannes Kepler mathematically portrayed Copernicus's theory to be correct.
Galileo Galilei showed that the moon and stars are made of a pure, perfect substance.
Isaac Newton developed theories of gravity.
Galileo shattered Aristotle's theory that the moon and stars were made of a pure substance. His findings went against the church and they put him on house arrest. Some of his discoveries were that Jupiter has four moons, earth's moon had an uneven, rough surface and the sun had dark spots.
Confirmed after 25 years that the sun was at the center of the solar system and the planets revolved around it. He didn't publish his work in a book quickly because he knew the church would probably persecute him for going against their religious viewings.
He demonstrated mathematically that Copernicus's theory was indeed correct.
The picture above is Kepler's first cosmological model stating the distances of the planets from the sun in the Copernicun System.
How did the change impact society at the time?
Poem about the Scientific Revolution [credit to: http://www.fictionpress.com/s/2828256/1/The-Life-and-Times-of-the-Scientific-Revolution]:
"Back along the ages, all scientists alike
Trusted Aristotle and the Bible, no matter what seemed right.
Then came the Revolution, driven by the thought,
that observations are the key, not what they'd been taught.
Copernicus was a great revolutionary of his time
The idea of heliocentricity, this man, he did find
Kepler was perhaps more important than the first,
planetary orbits and scientific method are the profits of his thirst.
Then along came Galileo, the greatest one of all.
Pendumlums, gravity, and telescopes were his strongest call.
But when the church threatened him with torture and with death,
he retired to the country, so if his mind we'll never know the breadth..."