Alan Turing and Tim Berners-Lee
2nd Year IT
Alan Turing was a mathematician who helped to crack codes during World War 2. He was born in 1912. He has been said to save millions of lives, as he helped to crack codes on the German 'Enigma' machine, that hardly anyone else could decipher.
In 1936 he went to Princeton University in America, but 2 years later returned to England, in 1938. During the WW2 he was a key part in cracking codes in Bletchley Park. After the war, he worked towards creating a machine that could hold and process information. When he showed it to his colleagues, they dismissed it, and the lab lost out on being the first to create an automatic computer.
In 1952, Turing was found to be homosexual, so was tried in court for being gay, as at the time that was illegal. He wanted to avoid prison, so in 1954, he commited suicide.