"Thinking: The Talking of the Soul Itself"
- Born into one of Athens's first noble families
- Educated in philosophy, poetry, and gymnastics
- Left Athens when Socrates was put to death
- Spent time in Sicily and Southern Italy before returning to Athens
- Founded a school called The Academy, where he taught and was the head
- The Republic--outlined a society governed by pure wisdom and a philosopher king; expanded upon Socrates's ideas
- Death: either at a wedding feast OR was serenaded by a flute (which he had ironically banned) as he tapped along with it until he took his last breath
The Allegory of the Cave
- Imagine being prisoner in a dark cave
- You are tied up, facing a blank wall, and can only look forward
- Behind you is a bright fire--the only light in the room
- In between you and the fire is another wall, where people can come and hold up objects for you to see
- These objects cast a shadow of an image--this is the only thing, you the prisoner, can see and therefore percieve it to be
- If you were to free youurself and see the outside world and true objects, what would you do?
"Earthly Knowledge Is But Shadow"
How Plato's Ideas Apply to the World
- The world has two parts, that of the physical world and that of the Ideas, which use different parts of the brain
- Plato believed that reason was the most important ability to have because it lead to the world of Ideas
- As a result, he believed that philosphers should be the ruling class--they could best understand the exact nature and truth of moral values