Ratifying the Constitution

By: Caroline Hagan

Federalists and Antifederalists

  • Americans were divided when the constitution was made public. Antifederalists were against the Constitution. Federalists supported the Constitution.
  • A main reason that people opposed the Constitution was that it did not have a section that secured people's individual rights. George Mason, a delegate, was an Antifederalist because of this.
  • Federalists and Antifederalists differed on whether to publish the Constitution. They made pamphlets and gave speeches advocating their beliefs.
Picture Credit to hdes.copeland

Federalist Papers

  • One of the main defenses for the Constitution was the Federalist Papers. This was a set of essays that backed up the Constitution.
  • The Constitution only needed nine states to pass it, but they all states to ratify it if they wanted to establish and preserve it.
  • The Constitution was put into effect in June 1778.

Bill of Rights

  • Some states ratified the Constitution only because they were promised that a bill would be added securing individual rights.
  • James Madison wanted a bill of rights to be a first priority of the new government.
  • Twelve amendments were suggested by Congress in September 1789 and sent to the states to be ratified.
  • By December 1971 the Bill of rights, ten of the amendments were ratified.

Sources Cited

  • Holt McDougal United States History- Copyright 2012