Español y El Cerebro

By: Veronica Bingham

Laterlization

"Language two is best learned between age two and puberty"- Eric Lenneberg (1967) To learn a new language efficiently its better to learn before the brain changes. Lateralization is when each side of the brain develops its own specialized function. For people learning Spanish at a young age in the hispanic environment is considered a native speaker. They may develop an accent. Older learners learning spanish as a second language may be more challenging than it would be for a five year old. But older learners can consciously use different ways of learning. They also have the knowledge of their first language.
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Proficiency

Being proficient in a language means you have can understand the three basic components of the language. The basic components of any language is being able to read, speak and write the language. Being proficient also includes grammatical, sociolinguistic and discourse.

How Long Will it Take?

To able to read, write and speak the language it will take up to two to three years. But to completely understand the language it will take four to ten years. Being in that environment and culture of that language will influence the learner.

Skills

The skills from your first language will transfer into your second language. The sounds, writing and speaking of that language will make it easier to pronounce the second language. The factors that affect the second language are motivation, age, access to the language, personality, first language development, cognitive ability and, the quality of instruction.