The Golden Age of Civilizations
The Golden Age of Greece
Greece experienced a golden age in Philosophy
One of the greatest Greek philosophers/thinker who encouraged people to think for themselves. One of the methods he encouraged was for people to continue to ask questions about everything
Plato-Great Greek philosopher who achieved the creation of the first institution of higher "Love is a serious mental disease"
Aristole- Greek philosopher who was a student in Plato's
Gupta Empire Golden Age
Golen Age in Government
-Lead for 40 year using peaceful means.
Golden Age in Math and Science
-discovered Earth was round using eclipses
-calculated the solar year
-Developed the concept of zero
Golden Age in Medicine:
Golden Age in Trade:
-The Gupta Empire becomes the middlemen in trade between Asia and Europe
Traded on silk road
Rome Golden Age in Government Law and Military
Government - During this time notably had "5 good emperors" who kept peace and increased the power of Rome.
Roman Law - The Roman made great advances in law. Roman law was found in 12 tablets some of what stated:
- All men were equal under the law
- Those accused could face their accuser
- Those accused were innocent until proven guilty
- You can only be punished by actions not thoughts
Roman Military - Rome's military had armored cavalry units, units, siege weapons and a well trained militia called the Roman Legion,
- Praetorian Guard: an elite group of soldiers to protect the Roman Empire
Rome Golden Age in Architecture
Romans were leaders of construction using arches, columns, domes, and concrete.
Pantheon - Built as a Roman temple dedicated to the gods. The building displayed a mastery of architecture with massive arches and a huge dome.
Colosseum - Largest Amphitheater ever built in the Roman Empire. It held 50,000 spectators. It was used mostly for gladiators games for 500 years
Baths of Caracalla - Public bathing was an important part of Roman social life in the Golden Age, it was a place to relax and meet with friends.
Rome Golden Age in Infastructure
Roads - The Romans built long straight roads totaling about 53,000 miles. The roads connected the Roman Empire to major regional centers. Used for military, trade and travel.
Aqueducts - Aqueducts were constructed to bring in fresh water to the Roman cities, private homes and public baths.
Romans also developed indoor plumbing to take waste away from homes.