Borneo Pygmy Elephants

ENDANGERED - POPULATION AROUND 1,500

About Borneo Pygmy Elephants

Their scientific name is Elephas maximus borneensis.Their growth is about 8.2-9.8 feet.Females are smaller than males weigh an average of 2.7 tons.The body length of 5,5-6,4 m of the Indian elephant, the tail - 1,2-1,5 m.In general, Asian elephants are smaller than African elephants and have the highest body point on the head.Their life expectancy is about 70 years.
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Causes of extinction

Throughout history, people have hunted elephants - first for their meat, and later for the tusks. With the arrival of Europeans to the extermination of wild Indian elephants for ivory, protection of crops and anthropogenic changes in habitat conditions have sharply reduced their numbers and reduced area. The area turned into a number of separate sections dedicated to deaf or protected sites.

The population of elephants in Kalimantan continues to dwindle as a result of damage to protected forests. As of April 2012, 20 to 80 elephants are estimated to range around 22 villages in the Sebuku subdistrict of Nunukan district in East Kalimantan.

The Oregon Zoo in Portland has the only Borneo elephant in the United States, a 21-year-old female orphan by the name of Chendra, who was found alone, hungry, and injured in the wild after her herd got crop-raided in a palm oil plantation. There are plans to breed Chendra with the zoo's Indian elephant Tusko, but it has not been attempted yet.

Borneo Pygmy Elephant Life in Action

Goings-on

Borneo Pygmy Elefants prefers bright tropical and subtropical broadleaf forests with dense undergrowth of shrubs and especially bamboo.Like other large mammals, elephants tolerate cold better than heat. The hottest part of the day they spend in the shadows, constantly waving ears for cooling the body and improve the heat transfer. They love to take a bath, spraying himself with water, and rolling in the mud and dust; These precautions protect the skin from drying out elephants, sunburn and insect bites. Most of the time the elephant holds in search of food, but the elephant is required at least 4 hours of sleep a day.

Interesting facts

-Just as people are right-handed and left-handed, elephants are increasingly using different right or left tusk. This is determined by the degree of deterioration of tusk and a rounded tip.

-For their size, elephants are surprisingly dexterous and agile; they have an excellent sense of balance.

-Elephants are well swimmers.

-The head of an elephant brain - among the largest land animals, reaching weight 5 kg.

-For communication elephants used numerous sounds, postures and gestures trunk.

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