The Life Of Mohandas Gandhi

By Kara Kueper and Natalie McDermott

Thesis Statement

Mohandas Gandhi Changed the way the other Indians thought about the Caste system and stood up to the British by talking in non-violent ways and protesting with marches and fasting. He helped India become a free and peaceful country.

birth and childhood

birth

Mohandas Gandhi was born to October 2nd, 1869 as the 4th and last child in the Gandhi family. His father was prime minister in a church and a very powerful man. His mother was calm and took very good care of his sister and 2 brothers.

childhood



Gandhi was teased at school because people thought he was ugly and stupid because he slept with a night-light. But he was also smart and fair and an independent thinker. He finished 3rd out of a class of 40 boys! (only boys went to school back then.) Gandhi married his wife Kasturba in 1883 at the age 13. He was not allowed to choose who he married, his parents got to decide for him. Luckily he and Kasturba got along! When Gandhi was 16, his father died.

Beliefs and the Caste system



Gandhi was a Hindu. Gandhi was devoted to Rama the God and was vegetarian. He spoke out about non-violence and talked against the caste system. Gandhi didn't like the caste system so he tried to make no caste system the levels of the caste system are from lowest to highest: Untouchables are polluted labors and there color is blue, Sudas are labors and their color is black, Vaisyas are farmers and merchants ect. and their color is brown. Kshatriyas are warriors and rulers and their color is red. Brahmins are Priests and teachers and their color is white.

London and Changing



Gandhi went to London when he was 19 to study law. His mother made him vow not to touch a woman as he was married, no wine because of the alcohol, and no meat because he was a vegetarian. London was lonely and difficult. He also had trouble with the English language. He was even thrown off a train because he was Indian! After he saw the law and was kicked out off the train he understood. The British laws were unfair to the Indians! When he returned home, a lawyer at last, he found his dear mother dead. What a sad surprise! Saddened he started protesting for better lives for Indians.

Protests/Salt March


In India salt was important for cooling off the body and the British knew it.Taxes on salt started going up so high most could not afford it. So Gandhi decided to lead a march on it. The march started small with seven or eight, then grew to over 10,000 people! The march was 241 miles long to the sea. Many were tortured or killed. But that did not stop Mohandas Gandhi! All who marched were without fear and didn't fight back.

Big image

India Becoming Free

On August 15th 1947 two countries were freed from British rule. India and Pakistan had found freedom at last! The Muslims lived in Pakistan while the Hindus lived in India. But where the two countries met there was chaos, violence and death. Muslims teased Hindus everywhere they went. Two weeks after India and Pakistan were freed, violence broke out in Calcutta. Gandhi had another fast he would only stop when" sanity returned to Calcutta." Gandhi believed that India had not yet been freed. After a few years of this things died down. But on January 30th, 1948 the magnificent Mahatma Gandhi was killed.

Kara Kueper and Natalie McDermott

We researched Mahatma Gandhi as a National History Day Project and are very proud of our presentation. The reason why we picked Gandhi is because we heard about him when we watched videos about Martin Luther King, Jr. in our classroom.

Bibliography

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Hook, Sue Vander. Mahatma Gandhi: Proponent of Peace. Edina, MN: ABDO Pub., 2011. Lambilly-Bresson, Élisabeth De., and Severine Cordier. Gandhi: His Life, His Struggles, His Words. New York: Enchanted Lion, 2

McGinty, Alice B., and Thomas Gonzalez. Gandhi: A March to the Sea. Las Vegas, NV: Amazon Children's Pub., 2013.

Nicholson, Michael. Mahatma Gandhi: Leader of Indian Independence. San Diego: Blackbirch, 2003.

Osborne, Mary Pope., Natalie Pope. Boyce, and Sal Murdocca. "Mahatma Gandhi." Heroes for All times / A Nonfiction Companion to Magic Tree House #51: High Time for Heroes. N.p.: Random House Childrens, 2014. N. pag.

Ross, Kelly L., PhD. "The Caste System and the Stages of Life in Hinduism." The Caste System and Stages of Life in Hinduism. N.p., 2014. Web. 02 Apr. 2015.

Wilkinson, Philip. Gandhi: The Young Protester Who Founded a Nation. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society, 2005.