13 Colonies

13 Colonies Founders and Religions

Founded: 1636 by Roger Williams and others, at Providence

Major Industry: Agriculture (livestock, dairy, fishing), Manufacturing (lumbering)

Major Cities: Providence

Colony Named for: Dutch for "red island"

Became a State: May 29, 1790

Founded: 1636 by Thomas Hooker and others, at Hartford

Major Industry: Agriculture (wheat, corn, fishing)

Major Cities: Hartford, New Haven

Colony Named for: from an Algonquin word, quinnehtukqut, "beside the long tidal river"

Became a State: February 6, 1788

Founded: 1630 by John Winthrop and others, at Massachusetts Bay

Major Industry: Agriculture (fishing, corn, livestock), Manufacturing (lumbering, shipbuilding)

Major Cities: Boston, Quincy, Plymouth, Salem, Lexington, Concord

Colony Named for: Massachusetts tribe (word means "large hill place")

Became a State: February 6, 1788

Founded: 1638 by John Wheelwright and others

Major Industry: Agriculture (potatoes, fishing), Manufacturing (textiles, shipbuilding)

Major Cities: Concord

Colony Named for: county of Hampshire in England

Became a State: June 21, 1788

Founded: 1638 by Peter Minuit and others

Major Industry: Agriculture (fishing), Manufacturing (lumbering)

Major Cities: Wilmington

Colony Named for: named for the Delaware tribe and for an early governor of colonial Virginia, Lord de la Warr

Became a State: December 7, 1787

Founded: 1682 by William Penn and others, at Philadelphia

Major Industry: Agriculture (wheat, corn, cattle, dairy), Manufacturing (textiles, papermaking, shipbuilding)

Major Cities: Philadelphia, Lancaster, York

Colony Named for: William Penn's father and sylvania, Latin for "forest"

Became a State: December 12, 1787

Founded: 1626 by Peter Minuit and others, on Manhattan Island

Major Industry: Manufacturing (shipbuilding, iron works), Agriculture (cattle, grain, rice, indigo, wheat)

Major Cities: New York City, Albany

Colony Named for: Duke of York

Became a State: July 26, 1788

Founded: 1664 by English colonists

Major Industry: Manufacturing (ironworking, lumbering)

Major Cities: Trenton, Princeton

Colony Named for: Isle of Jersey in England

Became a State: December 18, 1787

Founded: 1633 by Lord Baltimore and others, at Baltimore

Major Industry: Manufacturing (shipbuilding, iron works), Agriculture (corn, wheat, rice, indigo)

Major Cities: Baltimore, Annapolis

Colony Named for: Queen Henrietta Maria of England

Became a State: April 28, 1788

Founded: 1607 by John Smith and others, at Jamestown

Major Industry: Plantation agriculture (tobacco, wheat, corn)

Major Cities: Jamestown, Williamsburg, Richmond

Colony Named for: England's "Virgin Queen," Elizabeth I

Became a State: June 25, 1788

Founded: 1653 by Virginia colonists

Major Industry: Plantation agriculture (indigo, rice, tobacco)

Major Cities: Raleigh

Colony Named for: from Carolus, the Latin word for "Charles," Charles I of England

Became a State: November 21, 1789

Founded: 1663 by English colonists

Major Industry: Plantation agriculture (indigo, rice, tobacco, cotton, cattle)

Major Cities: Charleston

Colony Named for: from Carolus, the Latin word for "Charles," Charles I of England

Became a State: May 23, 1788

Founded: 1732 by James Oglethorpe and others

Major Industry: Agriculture (indigo, rice, sugar)

Major Cities: Savannah

Colony Named for: England's King George II

Became a State: January 2, 1788