Special Education Vocab
Words often associated with this branch of education.
Individualized Education Program. What it sounds like; written document given to eligible students who need special services because of a disability.
#2. Resource Room
Separate room where students are given help, assistance, or rest during he school day whenever he or she has needs.
Joint educator working with another teacher to ensure students get the right resources and education.
Rejection against allowing special needs students to be separated from regular education students.
Mental condition that includes difficulty in communicating and creating relationships with others. Present from early childhood.
#6. Intellectual Disability
Disability defined by limitations in both intellectual functioning and behavior.
A specific learning disability that affects a person’s handwriting ability and fine motor skills.
The action of becoming used to the environment and atmosphere around you.
#9. Assistive Technology
Technology found in a special needs classroom or home to aid in communicating, learning, creating, and anything else a student may need help in.
- ADD- Condition, usually in children, marked by inattentiveness, dreaminess, and passivity.
- ADHD- Disorder that includes difficulty staying focused and paying attention, difficulty controlling behavior and hyperactivity.
#11. Behavioral Disordered (BD)
Most common reason students need special education. Condition where people, even adults, have inappropriate feelings during situations that may stand in the way of their education.
Terminology used to describe Functional Mental Disability. A deficit or delay in intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior.
#13. Emotional Disturbance
Condition that adversely affects a child's educational performance.
#14. Hearing Impaired
Hearing loss that prevents a person from totally receiving sounds through the ear.
#15. Visual Impairment
Visual loss that prevents a person from totally receiving sight through the eyes.
#16. Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
When an external mechanical force causes brain dysfunction; usually results from a violent blow or jolt to the head or body.
#17. Down Syndrome
Intellectual impairment and physical abnormalities caused by a congenital disorder found in a chromosome defect.
Specific learning disability that affects reading and related language-based processing skills; can affect reading fluency, decoding, reading comprehension, recall, writing, spelling, and sometimes speech.
Specific learning disability that affects a person’s ability to understand numbers and learn math facts.
A disorder that is characterized by difficulty in muscle control, which causes problems with movement and coordination, language and speech, and can affect learning.