The Rwandan Genocide

April 6, 1994- July 1994

By: Devin Borer, Tyler Clouse, and Park Hemminger

The Rwandan Genocide was the mass murdering of the Tutsis by the Hutu. This mass extinction was especially cruel because it was done by using clubs and machetes. Rwanda is country in central Africa consisting of only about 7 million people. During this genocide 800,000 thousand died. That was over 1/10 of the population. The Tutsis ruled the Hutu and were considered the higher ranking. The Hutu were considered peasants and eventually formed an army called the Rwandan Patriotic Front to rebel against the Tutsis. This lead to the mass murdering of there population. Tensions were greatly heightened after the murder of Melchior Ndadaye on October 1993. He was a leader of the Tutsis.
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Causes and Effects


- Tensions between Hutus and Tutsis

- The Belgian colonial rule which rewarded the Tutsis with education and denied the Hutus

- The Rwandan independence were the Tutsis were discriminated

- The Civil war in 1990 when the Tutsis returned to Rwanda were the Hutus have been living.

- The President who was a Hutu was shot on April 6th, 1994. The Hutus blamed the Tutsis.


- 75% of the Tutsi population was assassinated

- 9% of the Tutsi population is HIV was positive

- By 1997 the Tutsi ran the Government.

Survivors in the United States

There are a large number of survivors in the United States. There are a lot of survivors because this genocide only happened about 20 years ago. Many people then left the country and many survivors moved to Utah, North Dakota, Maine, New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, Massachusetts, and New Hampshire. The story of the individual I am reading about is from Boston.

United States in this Genocide

Bill Clinton ignored the issue of the Rwandan genocide. His administration knew about the genocide but buried the information to justify its inaction, according to classified documents made available for the first time. Senior officials privately used the word genocide within 16 days of the start of the killings, but chose not to do so publicly because the president decided not to get involved in the situation.

Story of Odette; A Survivor

I am going to tell you about the testimony by a man name Odette. He was a survivor. His whole family was killed except for his sister was killed. During the killings, his family lived in a church because they believed there wouldn’t be killings in the house of God. Eventually neighbors and other people threw grenades in the building. The killers killed the people escaping with machetes and clubs, with nails. As they were leaving, they found four other children and I alive. They decided to spare me. The whole church was full of the cries of the dying. My sister and I became a orphan. God gave him new parents, and he was no longer lonely. Odette is still alive and doing well.

How Genocide can be Prevented

A Genocide is not something that happens overnight or without any type of warning. Genocide requires organization and a deliberate strategy and one that has been mostly carried out by governments or groups controlling the state. You should prevent armed conflict and protect the civilians in the conflict. End impunity through judicial action in national and international courts. Gather information and set up an early-warning system. Lastly, take swift action including the use of military force.