Lord of the Flies

By Vera Skupien

Lord of the Flies || Simon|Ralph|Jack

Societal Order/ Governmental Bodies

Different Types of Governing Bodies

Republic

In a republic, instead of voting directly about what they want to do, as in a democracy, people instead vote for people to represent them, and those people decide what to do. The first republic was the Roman Republic, which was founded about 509 B.C, just about the same time as the first Democracy in Athens. The rules about who could vote were about the same as in Athens too: Slaves couldn't vote, and neither could women, or children, or men who were not citizens. In addition, in Rome you could only vote if you owned land, so a lot of poor men could not vote at all even though they were free citizens. There are many instances in the novel, "Lord of the Flies," that parallel this form of Government and express the theme, Need For Social Order. For example in the beginning of the novel the stranded boys on the island decide to vote for a chief or main go-to person who can make the final decisions. As the boys chant, "Lets have a vote! Lets have a vote! Vote for Chief," (Chapter-1 Page-22) It actually demonstrates the boy's needs/wants for some form of governing body. Though many of the boys expressed their "like" for voting for a chief, One Character (Jack) on the other hand wanted to take Chief role immediately without voting. As seeing himself being outnumbered by the other boys apposing his decision he did decide to just go along with it and allow a vote. The boys ended up voting for a boy named Ralph who appeared to be an honest and trustworthy person. When Ralph says, "Listen everybody. Iv'e got to have time to think things out. I can't decide what to do straight off." (Chapter-1 Page-23) this directly parallels the governing body that Republics demonstrate.

Democracy

Democracies are based on "rule of law." The Ancient Greeks (particularly Aristotle) valued Natural Law, the notion that human societies should be governed by ethical principles found in nature. The Greeks are famous for practicing DIRECT DEMOCRACY, a system in which citizens meet to discuss all policy, and then make decisions by majority rule. As for Democracy in, "Lord of the Flies," many of the same principles were also followed. Ralph, follows the ideas of a democracy by ruling while they are stranded on an island. He gives everyone an equal voice and tries to give everyone responsibility. Ralph uses a conch as a way of gathering all of the children and as a talking stick. By these actions, he shows that he wants society to be disciplined. Ralph demonstrates he likes being organized and wants things settled in an organized way. “Which is better–to have rules and agree, or to hunt and kill?” (Chapter-11 Page-180).

Monarchy

Monarchy is a historical form of government that places most or all of the ruling power in the hands of a single individual. Monarchs have varied amounts of power, depending on the time and situation. In absolute monarchies during the early modern period, the monarch held full power over everything. In constitutional monarchies, the monarch serves as a figurehead, and most of the power resides with other forms of government. Monarchies were dominant in European countries from the end of the Roman era until the 18th century. In, “Lord of the Flies,” Golding uses Jack, the protagonist, as a dictatorial Monarch. His way of ruling and wanting total control over the island shows that he likes to have total power over the people. Even though Jack is not organized at all, he has total control of the people that follow him. “Shut up, fatty!” (Chapter-1 Page-21). Whenever Piggy tried to say something or give his opinion, Jack would try to shut him up. This represents evil and violence, and because of his ‘rebellious’ personality, this makes him a really violent leader with unfair ways of ruling.

My Chosen Government for my Island

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"DEMOCRACY"

My chosen form of government for my own island would be democracy. I feel democracy would be the best choice becuase it works on the principles of combined voting and majority rule. I think democracy would be the best way for many scared people on a island to make the best informed decisions and would be the least controversial form of ruling amongst many different people. Democracy in my opinion would lesson everyones opportunity for savagery, plus decrease people's feelings' of inferiority.

My Constitution


15 Rules



1. No one is above anyone.


2. Everyone has an equal opportunity to voice their opinion.


3. If people cannot come to an informed decision there will be an anonymous vote, Where Majority Rules.


4. There will not ever be just one superior leader.


5. People have the right to leave our society if they do not believe in our ideas.


6. People can choose what role they want in our society.


7. There can be voted punishment, but must be fair/equal to the person's wrong doing(s).


8. Unreasonable or savage hostilities will not be Tolerated (It's natural to disagree though).


9. No discrimination amongst the people.


10. Always work together and keep everyone's best interest in mind.


11. Agree to Disagree (Not everyone will agree with what you have to say).


12. No unvoiced/un-voted human killings for punishment (Must be Majority Vote).


13. No inhumane or long lasting human torture for punishment (Unless voted upon and is equal in nature to the offense).


14. No religiose discrimination


15. Never forget you are never alone (Both in the good sense and bad sense).

Historical- Real World- Conflict

Russian- Ukraine Conflict

A real life historical example of a country affected by inside-fighting is Ukraine. Ukraine is a divided country and that, has lead to many problems within. For example Eastern Ukraine and the Crimean peninsula on the northern coast of the Black Sea have more of a cultural connection to Russia. Eastern residents speak Russian interchangeably with Ukrainian, and their political ideals more closely align with Russia. On the other hand, Western Ukraine residents identify more with Eastern Europe and have more cultural ties with their beliefs. This caused many riots and revolts against both the Eastern parts of Ukraine and the western parts of Ukraine. The added death toll of hundreds from protests in Kiev also did not help to ease the tension. It actually caused the Ukrainian president to retreat from Ukraine, leaving it an economicly unstable state. So Russia's President, Vladimir Putin, decided to get involved to help the eastern Ukrainians which obviously fueled even more anger amongst western Ukrainians. There are also similar occurrences of this situation with two apposing groups, represented in the novel, "Lord of the Flies." One of the main characters named Ralph is a leader of one of the apposing groups, while the other is named Jack. In the novel both groups show a struggle for power and express a dislike of the other groups ideals/morals. A quote that demonstrates and foreshadows the upcoming conflict amongst the two groups is when Ralph absently says, "Shut Up!" Then lifts the conch and says, "Seems to me we ought to have a chief to decide thing." Right after that Jack says, "I ought to be chief, I can sing C sharp!" (Chapter-1 Page-30) Another quote from, "Lord of the Flies," that parallels the terrible tragedies and fights in the Ukraine is in Chapter eleven. "The rock struck Piggy a glancing blow from chin to knee: the conch exploded into a thousand white fragments and ceased to exist. Piggy, saying nothing, with no time for even a grunt, traveled through the air sideways from the rock, turning over as he went. Piggy fell 40 feet and landed on his back across the the square red rock in the sea. His head opened and stuff came out and turned red. Piggy's arms and legs twitched a bit, like a pigs after it has been killed." (Chapter-11 Page-181)

Current- Real World- Political Conflict

United State's Executive Amnesty Decision

On Thursday, November 20th 2014, President Obama bypassed congress with a major executive order, allowing up to 5 million undocumented illegal immigrants to live within the united states along with an indefinite reprieve from deportation. There are roughly 11 million undocumented immigrants in the United States, and political leaders of both parties agree the current system is broken and needs fixing. Obama's action have outraged many Republicans in Congress, who say the president does not have the authority to delay deportations for such a large class of people without legislation. Republicans have expressed their anger with the unilateral executive action, which bypassed Congress, and are now considering the political and legal options to either block or slow down the President’s initiative. There Reasoning? Well, An exhaustive study by the Heritage Foundation has found that after amnesty, current unlawful immigrants would receive $9.4 trillion in government benefits and services and pay more than $3 trillion in taxes over their lifetimes. That leaves a net fiscal deficit (benefits minus taxes) of $6.3 trillion. That deficit would have to be financed by increasing the government debt or raising taxes on U.S. citizens. Given the U.S. debt of $17 trillion, the fiscal effects should be at the forefront of legislators’ minds as they consider immigration reform. Already, illegal immigrants impose costs on police, hospitals, schools and other services. Putting them on a path to citizenship means that within a few years, they will qualify for the full panoply of government programs: more than 80 means-tested welfare programs, as well as Social Security, Medicare and Obamacare. The lifetime fiscal cost (benefits received minus taxes paid) for the average unlawful immigrant after amnesty would be around $590,000. Who is going to pay that tab? This is all the thoughts running through Republican's minds. On the other hand the apposing party (democrats) argue that giving citizenship to illegal immigrants will boost the economy and help job growth. Many democrats also argue the moral obligation to helping "poor" illegal immigrants who just want to come to America in search of a new life. In my opinion i feel that the Republicans have America's true best interests in mind and therefore they will win this unnecessary battle. I feel that America is not hear to be everyone's La-La land and source of free resources/savior. Nothing is free and that goes especially to people who believe that the United States of America is an endless supply of money. Just like the research says, "The fiscal effects should be at the forefront of legislators’ minds as they consider immigration reform," and that is strictly why i believe the republicans (who really have America's interests in mind) will win this on going battle of illegal immigration.

Works Cited (MLA)

Works Cited

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