Lyndon B. Johnson

November 22, 1963 – January 20, 1969

Democrat

Election

  • LBJ succeeded Kennedy after his assassination on November 22, 1963

Election of 1964

  • Beats five-term Senator of Arizona Barry Goldwater
  • Was a strong conservative Republican
  • Goldwater voted against the civil rights act, which hurt him

The Great Society

  • Set of domestic programs in the U.S. first announced by Johnson in1965
  • Goal was elimination of poverty and racial injustice
  • Resembled the New Deal domestic agenda of FDR
  • Included Medicare, civil rights legislation, and federal aid to education

24th Amendment

  • 24th amendment was passed January 23, 1964
  • Proposes the idea that all American citizens, no matter race nor ethnicity, have the right to vote
  • No government officials can deny the right
  • Johnson was the president at the time during ratification

Tonkin Gulf Resolution and Vietnam War

  • Tolkin Gulf Resolution was August 7, 1964
  • Gave broad congressional approval for expansion of the Vietnam War
  • Military had designed major attacks on the North
  • Johnson believed that the public would not support expansion of war
  • Goldwater criticized Johnson for not taking action

Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act

  • Civil Rights Act signed into law by Johnson on July 2nd, 1964
  • Landmark piece of civil rights legislation in the US
  • Outlawed discrimination on race, ethnicity, sex, etc.
  • Ended racial discrimination in schools and unequal application of voter registration requirements
  • Voting Rights Act signed into law by Johnson on August 6th, 1965
  • Designed to enforce the voting rights guaranteed by the fourteenth and fifteenth amendments