Are Rhinos in Danger?

By: Mina Sejfovic

Types of Rhinos

There are five types of rhinoceroses. The White Rhino lives in Tropical, subtropical, grasslands, and savanna habitats. They are near threatened with a population of 20,405 rhinos. The Black rhino lives in Tropical, Subtropical, grasslands, savannas, shrublands, deserts and xeric shrubland habitats. They are critically endangered with only 5,055 rhinos. The Greater One-Horned Rhino (aka Rhinoceros Unicornis) lives in tropical, subtropical, grasslands, savannas and shrubland habitats. With a population of 3,333 the conservation status is vulnerable. The Sumatran Rhino lives in dense highland and lowland tropical and subtropical forests. They are critically endangered with less than 100 to make up their population. Last but not least is the Javan Rhino, they live in moist, tropical, subtropical and broadleaf forests. These rhinos are critically endangered do to their population which is between 37 and 44 rhinos.

About the Rhino Horn

The rhino horn is very valuable in many different places. It is made of keratin and has a structure like horses hooves or turtles beaks. The horn has a bony core and in the center there is calcium and melanin. The rhinos are endangered all because of there horn, People hunt them down to either de-horn or kill them. Back in old times the rhino horn was used for chinese medicine. The horn was carved into a "libation cup" or ground into powder. It was believed that it could detect poisons or if you put the ground up remains of the horn into boiling water it could treat fever, gout and other disorders. In greek mythology it was said that the horn could purified water. We don't know what myths or beliefs are true but today the rhino horn is used to symbolize a person's wealth or success.
Big image

Poaching and Trafficking

Poaching is an enormous problem to rhinos and their populations. Rhinos have always been wanted for their horns. In 2011 the Justice Department started "Operation Crash" and they arrested 18 people for trafficking. The US government estimated that the people smuggled over $10 million of rhino horn. A ecologist named Raj Amin said that he can take fingerprints from rhino horns to figure out who was poaching or trafficking.

Thank You! :)

You can always make a donation to http://www.savetherhino.org/. Rhinos have been around for 40 million years! Why kill off history?

Vocabulary

Xeric Shrubland: A biome requiring only a small amount of moisture.

Endangered: Threatened with extinction

Vulnerable: Capable of or susceptible to being wounded or hurt, as by weapon

Keratin: A scleroprotein or albuminoid substance , found in the dead outer skin layer, and in a horn, hair, feathers, hooves, nails, claws, bills etc.

Melanin: Any class of insoluble pigments, found in all forms of animal life, that account for the dark color of skin, hair, fur scales, feathers, etc.

De-horn: To remove the horns of

Gout: Recurrent diseases characterized by painful inflammation of the joints

Poaching: The illegal practice of trespassing on another person's land to hunt or steal game without asking for the owners permission

Trafficking: Trade between two different countries

Ecologist: The branch of biology dealing with the relations and interactions between between organisms and their environment, including other organisms