The Six Classes of Nutrients

Paige Coleman and Emily Hardy

Carbohydrates

There are 2 types of carbohydrates. There are simple and complex carbohydrates. The sub-types of simple carbohydrate are sugars. The sub-types of complex carbohydrates are starches and fibers. Carbohydrates are used to make energy for your body, needed for physical activity, And helps brain function. Some food sources of carbohydrates are bread, cereals, pastas, rice, dry beans, and more. You need 310 grams of carbohydrates a day. If you have to much or to little you sugar level in blood could be to high or to little

Fats

Fats have 2 types, fatty acids and cholesterol. The sub-types of fatty acids saturated, unsaturated, and trans fat. The sub-types of cholesterol are high density lipoprotein and low density lipoprotein. The functions of fats are that it insulates your body, cushions your vital organ, and converts into energy. The food sources of fats are butter, cheese, oils, and wax. The requirement amount of fats is 70 grams. If don't eat enough fats it can lead to dry skin and depression. If you have to much it can cause excessive calorie intake and weight gain.

Proteins

The 2 types of proteins are complete and incomplete protein. Complete and incomplete protein have the same sub-types, amino acids. some of the functions of proteins is that it builds, maintains and repairs body tissue, protects your body from chemical reactions, and gives you energy. Food sources for proteins are milk products, eggs, peas, nuts, seeds. The requirement intake of proteins are 50 grams. If you take in enough protein it can lead to mussel loss, depression, and anxiety. If you take in to much it can lead to kidney failure and unexplained vomiting.

Vitamins

Vitamins have 2 types, which are fat-soluble and water-soluble.The sub-types of fat-soluble are vitamin A, D, E, and K. The sub-types of water-soluble are vitamin C, B. A, D, E, K, and folate. The functions of vitamins are that it maintains good bones, red blood cells, and it gives you a healthy nervous system. Food sources of vitamins are milk, veggie oil, rice beverages, peanut butter, and avocados. If you don't have enough vitamins it can lead to depression, less likely to survive cancer, and a risk of heart disease. If you take in to much vitamins you can feel sick or be sick, bone pain, and feeling confused or tired. You should have 1,000 mg of vitamins dally.

Minerals

The 2 types of minerals are macro minerals and trace minerals. Macro minerals sub-types are sulfur , copper, zinc, manganese. The sub-types are iron, zinc, manganese, sodium, potassium, calcium. Some functions of minerals is that it helps your body grow, helps your body develop, and helps you stay healthy. Some food sources of minerals are milk products, soy, rice, eggs, fish, and tuna. Your daily in take of minerals should be 100 gm. If you don't have enough minerals it can lead to low body structures, such as teeth, nerves, bones, etc. If you take in to much vitamins can lead to high blood pressure and death.

Water

There are no different types of water. The functions of water is that it is used for cells, organs, and tissues to help regulate it's temperature. It is also a carrier. Lastly, it removes waste products. The food sources are fruits, veggies ,meat, watermelon, and eggs. If you drink to much water, you may get something called water poisoning. You could also lose balance if you drink to much water. If you don't get enough water, you get dehydrated.