Culture of China

By: Tiara McKitrick

China

Capital: Beijing
Location:
35ºNorth, 103ºEast
How It Started: Homo Sapiens appeared about 50,000 years ago.
-
Sometime in the late eighteenth century BCE the Hsia were defeated by the Shang.
- They took over the middle and lower regions of the Yellow River.
- The Shang dynasty marks the beginning of Chinese history.

Society

Social Class: King, Scholars/Officials, Farmers/Peasants, Artisans, Merchants

Foods: Southern:
Rice and Shark Fin Soup
Northern:
noodles and dumplings made of wheat flour.
Canton:
hot and spicy foods
Area around Shanghai:
shrimp and fish for cooking.
- ham-and-melon soup

Dress:
Wear a lot of red. - luck and fortune
Traditional Festivals = Men wear suits, Women wear a skirt.

Languages:
Mandarin Chinese

Writing:
No alphabet
- 50,000 words
- 3,000 commonly used
- Started putting ideas in drawings. (ideographs)


Government:
Led by the Communist Party of China
Highest level:
National People's Congress

Culture

Beliefs: multiple different religions
- Taoism
- Confucianism
- Buddhism
- Islam
- Christianity

Holidays: New Year's Day - January 1
- Spring Festival - Subject to lunar month--month between new moons (3 days)
- Qingming - April 4 or 5
- May Day - May 1
- Dragon Boat - 5th lunar month
- Mid-Autumn Day - August 5
- National Day - October 1


Adopted Culture: KFC, Pizza Hut
Helped or Hurt?: Helped them. Different kinds of foods. More variety.

School

- Most begin at age 4.
- No buses, have to walk or ride a bike
- Many kids learn English.
- They only have 2 vacations ~ One month in winter, and one month in summer.
- Schools are open 6 days a week.

Cites

___ China, 中国. (n.d.). Retrieved November 18, 2014, from http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/china.htm

Chinese Social Hierarchy. (2013, January 1). Retrieved November 17, 2014, from http://www.hierarchystructure.com/chinese-social-hierarchy/

Dahl, M. (1998). Going to School. In China (1st ed., Vol. 1, p. 11). Mankato, Minn.: Bridgestone Books.

Dramer, K. (1999). Fast Facts. In People's Republic of China (1st ed., Vol. 1, pp. 130-132). New York: Children's Press.

Ferroa, P. (1991). Government, Religion, Language. In Cultures of the World China (1st ed., Vol. 1, pp. 31, 67-69, 76). Singapore: Times Offset Pte.

Heinrichs, A. (1997). How People Live. In China (1st ed., Vol. 1, p. 31). New York: Children's Press.

McLenighan, V. (1984). In the Beginning. In People's Republic of China (1st ed., Vol. 1, pp. 13-16). Chicago: Childrens Press.