What is a healthy diet?

A healthy life is having a healthy eating plan

  • A variety of vegetables from all of the subgroups—dark green, red and orange, legumes (beans and peas), starchy, and other
  • Fruits, especially whole fruits
  • Grains, at least half of which are whole grains
  • Fat-free or low-fat dairy, including milk, yogurt, cheese, and/or fortified soy beverages
  • A variety of protein foods, including seafood, lean meats and poultry, eggs, legumes (beans and peas), and nuts, seeds, and soy products
  • Oils

A healthy eating plan limits:

  • Saturated fats and trans fats, added sugars, and sodium

Consume less than 10% of calories per day from added sugars

Consume less than 10% of calories per day from saturated fats

Consume less than 2,300 milligrams per day of sodium per day

What are Proteins, Carbohydrates and Fats?

Proteins: They are the building blocks of the body. The body uses protein to make and maintain body tissues such as muscles and organs.

Simple Carbohydrates: They provide instant energy that is burned off quickly. They are found in many processed and convenient foods that tend to be devoid of natural nutrients. Therefore, there is a greater risk that the energy is converted into fat and stored.

Complex Carbohydrates: They provide a slow burning, gradual stream of energy.

Saturated Fats: They are animal fats that can increase your risk of disease and elevate cholesterol depending on the quantities that you eat.

Unsaturated Fats: They are derived from plants. They lower bad cholesterol and raise good cholesterol.

Trans Fats: Found naturally in some foods. They are mostly produced by a process called hydrogenation.