Social-Emotional Development

By: Madison Harner


  • Refers to the quality of emotional reactions.
  • Factors are passivity, irritability and activity factors.
  • Passivity is being involved in surroundings.
  • Irritability is tendency of feeling stressed.
  • Activity patterns are levels of movements.


  • This is the strong emotional connection.
  • Early attachment behaviors are shown by infants.
  • Attachment begins early in life.
  • Separation anxiety is another behavior infants show.
  • This is when a child protests person leaving.

Birth To Age 2

Changes Over Time

From birth to age 2 you will see many changes

  • Birth to 3 months; no refined emotions they show general excitement and distress
  • Excitement: smiling, alert, or wiggling; distress: crying
  • 3 to 6 months; children start to respond with smile and laughter
  • Early in this stage tears begin to appear
  • 6 to 12 months; become active and develop fear
  • Will attach to parent and cry
  • 12 to 24 months; separation anxiety
  • At this stage children start to explore surroundings
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