Shi'ite Islam

By: Kaylee, Ivan, Cara & Emilee

Primary Beliefs and God(s)

6 main beliefs=


  • Allah is the one and only God
  • Belief in angels
  • Belief in holy books and divine scriptures
  • Belief in the prophets
+ Adam, Ibrahim(Abraham), Musa(Moses), Dawud(David), Isa(Jesus)


+ Muhammad is the final prophet

  • The Day of Judgement
  • The supremacy of God's will


Day of Judgement

- Life of every human being will be assessed to decided whether they go to heaven and hell


Allah

Muslims use this to refer to the one and only God, who created and rules everything. They believe that he is eternal and has no shape or form. He rewards and punishes fairly, but also merciful.

Practices

5 Pillars of Islam


  1. Testimony of Faith - To bear witness that there is none worthy of worship save Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.
  2. The Salat - A daily ritual or prayer of faith done five times a day.
  3. Zakat - A tax paid to benefit the poor or those in need.
  4. Sawm - A feast done during the month of Ramadan
  5. Haji - A pilgrimage every Muslim must do at least once in his/her life, if they can afford it, to the Holy city of Mecca, in a modern-day Saudi Arabia. The pilgrimage begins on the 7th or 8th day of the last month of the Islamic lunar calendar, It ends on the 12th day of that same month.

Sacred Texts

Qur'an in the holy book for the muslims, is a sacred word of god. The oldest existing copy of the full text is from the ninth century. There are 114 chapters all written in old Arabic dialect. People would remember this by heart, and be able to recite it.

Besides the Qur'an, the other sacred sources are the Sunnah, the practise and examples of the Prophet Muhammad's life, and the Hadith, reports of what the prophet Muhammad said or approved.

Location/Dates of Origin/Historic Events

Shi'ite Islam is also known as Shi'a Islam or Shi'ism. It is the second largest branch of Islam after Sunni Islam. They follow the teachings of Muhammad and the religious guidance of his family. His descendants are known as Shia Imams. Muslims consider Muhammad's descendants as the true source of guidance.

Time Line

570 A.D - Muhammad is born in Mecca, Arabia (now Saudi Arabia)

610 A.D - The Angel Gabriel visits Muhammad and tells him "You are the messenger of God"

610-632 A.D - Muhammad spreads the teachings revealed to him in Mecca and Medina, over a 22-year period until his death.

632 A.D. - Muhammad dies

645 A.D - Muslims become divided into two branches, the Shiite and the Sunni over a disagreement about future leadership.

650-652 A.D - The sayings/teachings revealed to Muhammad are collected in a book called the Quran

657 A.D - The Shiite Muslims are divided further when a portion of its followers break away and stars a third division, the Kharijites.

Dates/Holidays/Rituals & Celebrations

Ramadan : It is celebrated during the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. This is a month of fasting.

Eid-al-Fitr : This marks the end of Ramadan. This is also called the Feast of Breaking the Fast.

Haji : A pilgrimage made by every Muslim at least once in his/her life.

Eid-al-Adha : Also called the Feast of Sacrifice. It honors the willingness of Abraham to sacrifice his promised son, Ishmael, as an act of submission to God's command.

After-Life

After their death, individuals remain in a state of limbo in between life and death. In their graves, two angels, Munkar and Nakir, question them about their principles of faith. After this initial test, people sleep in their graves until bodily resurrection takes place and they are assessed according to their deeds and sent to hell or paradise. Before the Day of Judgment, the world comes to an end amidst apocalyptic events. The signs of the approaching end of the world are transformations of nature (such as the sun rising in the West), political conflicts, moral decay, and physical afflictions.

Geographic Distribution/Statistics

Area - Adherents - Population %

Africa - 278,250,800 - 40.8%

Asia - 836,976,000 - 25.9%

Europe - 12,574,000 - 2.5%

Latin America - 1,350,500 - 0.3%

Northern American - 2,847,000 - 1.0%

Oceania - 100,500 - 0.4%

Eurasia - 39,229,400 - 13.4%

World - 971,328,700 - 17.7%

Fun Facts!


  • According to a report by the Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life, there are about 1.6 billion Muslims worldwide. (2012)
  • Sunnis make up 87% to 90% of the worldwide Muslim population. Shiite Muslims make up approximately 10%.
  • Islam is the 2nd largest religion in the world, following Christianity.
  • Indonesia has the largest following of the Islamic religion, 13%, though Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh have large populations as well
  • According to U.S.-based Muslim organizations such as the Islamic Society of North America and the Islamic Circle of North America, there are about 7 million adherents to the Islamic religion in the United States.
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