Narwhal

(Monodon monoceros)

Unicorns of the sea

Narwhals live in the arctic waters of Canada, Greenland, Norway and Russia.

They feed on Greenland halibut, cod, squid, and shrimp.

They dive up to a mile- and- a - half- deep.

throughout life they change colors, from blue grey, blue back, and a molted grey.

They are found in groups, called "Pods", of around 3-8.

Pectoral fins are measured around 30-40 cm tip to tip and do not have dorsal fins.
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Only have two teeth, in their upper jaw.

The left tooth can grow to form a long tusk. The tusk can be as long as 1/3 or 1/2 of their body.

Flukes are fan-shaped.

can be up to 3,500 lbs.
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dolphin or whale or both?

They are related to the bottle nose dolphins.
Narwhals have more in common with dolphins, but are considered a whale.
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6 Facts

1. The tusk is actually a tooth
2. The tusk can grow up to ten feet long
3. The tusk can bend about a foot before breaking
4. Not all Narwhals have tusks
5. There are not any in captivity
6. Their skin is rich in vitamin C
They are called Narwhal, Meaning "Corpse Whale" because they float with their stomach facing up at surface of the water, and can stay motionless for several minutes.
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an example of Narwhal with out a tusk

Habitat

Narwhals winter in deep-water beneath ice pack in pods. in summer they migrate to shallow, ice-free summer grounds where they join and create larger groups.

Threats

Oil and gas and climate change pose threats to the Narwhal. Ocean traffic creates noises that may interfere with communications of whales.

Reproduction

They mate in the spring season between March and May. They are only able to have one calf at a tine. They will give birth around June and august.

Communication

They have individual voices which helps others to identify each other.