Progressive Writing Instruction:
Empowering School Leaders and Teachers
Graham and Perin
The study identified 11 research-based classroom practices to improve adolescent writing.
- Collaborative Writing
- Specific Product Goals
- Word Processing
- Sentence Combining
- Inquiry Activities
- Process Writing Approach
- Study of Models
- Writing for Content Learning
- Writing Strategies
Research and Findings
- Picked 17 most populous school districts through the US to survey district literacy coordinators/directors
- asked 4 open ended survey questions and two rating scale questions
- 13 district administrators completed the online survey
Question: Are middle school students of this generation writing more proficiently, according to district administrators?
Findings: 72.7% of middle school students are not writing more proficiently than prior generations because little time is invested in the teaching of writing
Most/only Identified writing practices out of the 11 practices to improve adolescent writing in 50% of their district: 100% prewriting, 75% of classrooms are teaching sentence combining and process writing
Question:How are large school districts across the country using researched-based instructional strategies to prepare 21st century writers?
Findings: 50% of respondents said the introduction of technology was the most important action taken by their school districts over the past decade
Teachers need: Teachers need to take these findings into consideration. Teachers should increase the use of mentor texts as models for effective writing and intensify the use of writing for content learning.
Many of the school district leaders maintained a non-progressive view about the teaching of writing within schools. Several leaders said that writing is still not a priority in their school districts.
Recomendations to Teachers:
- Use authors and their text as mentors.
- Consider implementing peer response groups using wikis or blogs.
- Use real-time text tools to promote collaborative writing.
- Include content area writing strategies throughout the curriculum.
- An increase in students’ writing proficiency will only occur when educational policymakers and national education leaders making writing a priority across all content areas.
- Think of more innovative, research-based strategies for teaching writing.
- Writing educators must find ways to teach writing everyday for longer time periods and must focus on the writer and the writer's words and ideas.
- How would you, as a future educator, make sure your students' writing skills are above extraordinary compared to prior generations?
- How could you make sure to include all of the 11 research-based classroom practices throughout your lessons during the school year?
By: Krystal Clamors
February 4th, 2015