History on the yippies

Who are the Yippies?

In Chicago,around the 1960's, a counterculture group called the Youth International Party, who were also known as the Yippies. The Yippies were part of an anti-war movement, they were against the American participation in the Vietnam war. The founders of the Yippies were Abbie Hoffman, his wife Anita Hoffman, and Jerry Rubin. The concept of the counterculture group, Yippies began as a joke.Until the founder, Abbie Hoffman, decided to make the Yippies into an official counterculture group. Even after Abbie Hoffman made the Yippies an official anti-war activist group, the Yuppies Were still seen as a joke. Yippies were always seen as a joke because of Abbie Hoffman. Hoffman created a new way to protest, which were different than the typical sit-ins and marches. He would host musical festivals, do public pranks, and he'd do theatrical events in the Guerrilla Theater. Yippies would manipulate the media with their street theater.Media coverage was important to the Yippies because it was one of the ways for them to capture the public's attention and to the anti-war movement.They'd plant rumors about pranks or information on what they were planning to do, and made sure new reporters heard about them.An example would be the dropping of LSD in the Chicago river. These type of protest were inspired by the founders Abbie Hoffman. In the article "Who were the Yippies" by wisegeek.com , it states "Inspired by the humor-filled rants Abbie Hoffman, Yippies created absurdit incredible acts of civil disobedience" (WiseGeek). Many events helped shape the development of the Yippies such as the Democratic National Convention, the Festival of life, and the Chicago 7 trial. The Democratic National Convention helped shape the Yippies because it gave them huge media coverage and it showed everyone that they wouldn't go down without a fight.Festival of life is the name of one of the many protests that the Yippies did, which is connected to the Democratic National Convention. Then famous Chicago 7 trial, which was for conspiracy to incite a riot, as well was an important date.

Chicago 7

What was the Chicago 7 about?

Many know this trial as the Chicago 7 but what people forget is originally there was 8 defenders to began with.The 8 defendants were David Dellinger of National Mobilization Committee to the War (MOBE).Rennie Davis and Tom Hayden students of SDS. Then Jerry Rubin, Abbie Hoffman, John Froines and Lee Weiner were as well defendants of the trial. Bobby Seale co-founder of Black Panthers was involved with this trial as well.They were accused of conspiring to incite riots that occurred in the 1968 Democratic National Convention. This trial ended up lasting up to 5 months. The prosecutor argument was mainly focused on the provocative intentions of the groups that were protesting .While the defendants wanted justice for the unnecessary violence that was used on them by police force.During the days of the trial,the groups outside, such as the Weathermen created "Days of rage". The Weathermen purpose for doing so was to gather attention toward the trial. As well as show the frustrationg, annoyance, and anger towards the fact that the defendants were being wrongly accused. Yet, those inside the courts were set to get these leaders of activist behind bars.The way Chicago 8 turned into Chicago 7 was because of Bobby Seale,the co founder of Black Panthers ,tried conducting his own defense. This was apparently enough for the prosecutors to send him to a three days in court bound and gagged. Then the judge/court declared it as a mistrial and sentenced him to four years for contempt of court.On February 1970 five of the seven defendants were found guilty, but later on in the fall of 1972 it was overturned. It was overturned because of the judge's procedural errors and over hostility towards the seven defendants.

Annotated bibliography

“Chicago History Museum | Blog » Blog Archive » Yippies In Lincoln Park, 1968.” Chicago History Museum Blog RSS. Web. 21 Sep. 2015. <http://blog.chicagohistory.org/index.php/2011/06/yippies-in-lincoln-park-1968/>

This article was created by Chicago's history museum. It's a valuable source for my topic because it includes dates and good explanations/details on what happened to the yippies.

“Chicago ’68.” Making Yippie! Web. 21 Sep. 2015. <http://press.uchicago.edu/Misc/Chicago/238012.html>

This source was very useful because it explained in great detailed how the public/political view were on the Yippies. As well as how the Yippies founder began this journey to create this activist group.

Pollick, Michael, and Niki Foster. “WiseGeek.” WiseGeek. Conjecture, n.d. Web. 21 Sep. 2015. <http://www.wisegeek.com/who-were-the-yippies.htm>

This article talks more about the police brutality and the coverage of media the Yippies were able to capture. As well as the type of protest they'd do.

“Steal This Style: Yippies and Political Fashions! | Thread for Thought.” Thread for Thought. N.p., Nov. 2011. Web. 21 Sep. 2015. <http://www.threadforthought.net/steal-style-yippies-political-fashions/>

This article talks about their fashion, the reasons behind why they took this approach to be known as Yippies for their fashion wise.As well as their protest methods and about their nudity and police brutality.

“The Yippies.” PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 21 Sep. 2015. <http://www.pbs.org/independentlens/chicago10/yippies.html>

This source talks a bit of the government take on Yippies as well as the protest they did.

“Yippies.” Yippies. Web. 21 Sep. 2015. <http://www.trincoll.edu/classes/hist300/yippies.htm>

This website contains information on how Yippies were more reckless and quotes some sayings the yippies were known well for.

“Chicago Seven.” History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 23 Sep. 2015. <http://www.history.com/topics/vietnam-war/chicago-seven

This source is valuable because the information here is accurate and consistent as I compared it to other websites. As well as it's from a reliable source history.com where they do even more depth research into the Chicago 7 Trial.