African History

By: Zach Johansen


Colonization/Slave Trade Quiz Name______________________ Date___________________

1. What shape mostly represents the trade pattern for this trade?

2. What is Colonialism?

3. What is Imperialism?

4. Which country started the Transatlantic Slave Trade?

5. What was the slave trade?

6. What was the trip called from Africa to the New World during the slave trade.

7. What was the purpose of slavery in the New World?

8. What was the outcome of the Berlin Conference?

9. Who was the 1st democratically elected president of South Africa?

10.What was the main goal of the Apartheid?


Timeline of the Apartheid of South Africa

May 1948: Apartheid starts after the 1948 general election

Hoping to get votes from the white Africans, the National Party promises to make laws severely restricting black rights if they win the general election. The National Party defeats the United Party and apartheid begins

June 1953: The African National Congress starts the Defiance Campaign

Volunteers begin a peaceful resistance to apartheid by breaking the laws they think are wrong. The peaceful protests include black people sitting on benches marked for white people only and being out in the city after the curfew set for blacks

1953: The Bantu Education Act is passed

A law is passed that creates a separate education system for blacks and whites. Blacks are trained to prepare them for a life as part of the working class since it is not expected that they will be allowed to do anything more than that

December 1956: Nelson Mandela is arrested for treason

Nelson Mandela, an anti-apartheid activist, is arrested with several other people for fighting against apartheid. He is charged with treason, but after a four-year trial he is found not guilty

1959: Separate homelands are created for the major black groups

Mandela was the leader of Umkhonto we Sizwe, part of the African National Congress. He is arrested for his role in bombing government targets and sentenced to life in prison.

March 21, 1960: Sixty-nine people are killed in the Sharpeville Massacre Apartheid requires blacks to carry passbooks, which contain personal information such as name, date of birth, and photos. When protesters show up at the Sharpeville police station without their passbooks, a riot breaks out and police kill 69 people

November 1974: South Africa is expelled from the United Nations

Due to apartheid, South Africa is removed from the United Nations. South Africa is not allowed back into the United Nations until apartheid ends in 1994

June 16, 1976: More than 600 students are killed in the Soweto Massacre

High school students in Soweto start a protest for an improved education system for blacks. Police break up the protest with tear gas and bullets, killing more than 600 people

February 2, 1990: President F.W. de Klerk ends the ban on the African National Congress

Even though he supported segregation at one time, President F.W. de Klerk lifts the ban on the African National Congress in 1990. In 1993, de Klerk wins the Nobel Peace Prize with Nelson Mandela for helping end apartheid

1990: The Apartheid ended

It ended

21st Century Issues Graph Chart Summary

Nigeria has the highest Birth rate, following Nigeria is Kenya, then after that is South Africa.

Nigeria also has the highest death rate and poverty rate. South Africa follows Nigeria in Death rate and is last in Poverty rate. Kenya is in last in Death rate but they follow Nigeria in Poverty rate.

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Independence Movements