The Ninth Amendment as Written in the Constitution
Historical Background of the Ninth Amendment
What the Ninth Amendment Really Means
Griswold v. Connecticut 1965 Court Case
A Connecticut law made contraceptives (birth control devices) illegal and arrested Estelle T. Griswold, who gave contraceptives to clients for ten days before his arrest on November 10th, 1961, along with C. Lee Buxton.
Griswold and Buxton were convicted in a Connecticut court and fined $100 each for it. However, the Supreme Court heard the case on appeal and found that the Connecticut law was unconstitutional according to the First, Third, Fourth, Fifth, and Ninth Amendments. Justice Arthur Goldberg specifically notes the Ninth's importance in the case.
“since 1791 [the Ninth Amendment] has been a basic part of the Constitution which we are sworn to uphold. To hold that a right so basic and fundamental and so deep-rooted in our society as the right to privacy in marriage may be infringed because that right is not guaranteed in so many words by the first eight amendments to the Constitution is to ignore the Ninth Amendment and give it no effect whatsoever.”
"Ninth Amendment." UXL Encyclopedia of U.S. History. Sonia Benson, Daniel E. Brannen, Jr., and Rebecca Valentine. Vol. 6. Detroit: UXL, 2009. 1151-1152. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 8 Dec. 2015.
"Ninth Amendment." Constitutional Amendments: From Freedom of Speech to Flag Burning. 2nd ed. Vol. 2. Detroit: UXL, 2008. Web. 9 Dec. 2015.