What is he known for?
Timothy John Burners-Lee is an English computer scientist of the Wold Wide Web. He was born on 8th June 1955 and is 60 years old. He was born in London, England.
He was one of four children born to Mary Lee Woods and Conway Berners-Lee. Tim Berners-Lee attended Sheen Mount Primary School, and then attended London's Emanuel School from 1969-1973. He learnt around this time about electronics from tinkering with a model railway.
After graduating high school, he decided to work as an engineer at the telecommunications company Plessey in Poole, Dorset. After a while, he worked as an independent contractor from June to December 1980. Berners-Lee worked as an independent contractor at CERN from June to December 1980. While there, he proposed a project based on the idea of hypertext, to make sharing and updating information among researchers easier to do. To demonstrate this, he built a prototype system named ENQUIRE.
After leaving CERN in late 1980, he worked at John Poole's Image Computer Systems, in Bournemouth, Dorset. He even ran the company's technical side for three years! He worked on a special project in this time, which gave him experience in computer networking. In 1984, he returned to CERN in the same position as he was in previously (before he left CERN). In 1989, CERN was also the largest Internet node in Europe, and Tim Burners-Lee saw how he could join hypertext to the internet.
This is what he said:
"I just had to take the hypertext idea and connect it to the Transmission Control Protocol and domain name system ideas and—ta-da!—the World Wide Web. Creating the web was really an act of desperation, because the situation without it was very difficult when I was working at CERN later. Most of the technology involved in the web, like the hypertext, like the Internet, multifont text objects, had all been designed already. I just had to put them together. It was a step of generalising, going to a higher level of abstraction, thinking about all the documentation systems out there as being possibly part of a larger imaginary documentation system."
In 1990, Tim Berners-Lee married Nancy Carlson, but unfortunately ended in divorce.
The first website built was at CERN, and was first put online on 6 August 1991:
Info.cern.ch was the address of the world's first-ever web site and web server! The first web page address was http://info.cern.ch/hypertext/WWW/TheProject.html, (which you can access with this link) which mainly focused on information which includes the World Wide Web project. Anyone who visits could learn more about hypertext, technical details so they may create their own webpage, and even an explanation on how to search the Web for information! Changes were made daily to the information as the WWW project developed.
He then accepted a chair in Computer Science at the School of Electronics and Computer Science, University of Southampton, Hampshire, so he could work on the Semantic Web in December 2004.
In 2014 Tim Berners-Lee and Rosemary Leith were married at St James's Palace in London. The ceremony was attended by close family and friends. Rosemary Leith is Director of the World Wide Web Foundation.
Tim Burners-Lee is now enjoying life with his wife at the age of 60.