Segregation

By Megan Myers

.:Segregation and How it Began:.

Seg-re-ga-tion (Noun) - A policy of keeping those of different race, ethnicity, or religion away from each-other.


After slavery was gone, African Americans were 'free'. They had the right to vote, due to the fifteenth amendment, though few voted, and had 'legal citizenship'. Though all this, during 1873-1883 the Supreme Court at the time passed laws against African Americans. And in 1896, passed a law to legally separate white, and black people. These laws are sometimes considered the Jim Crow Laws.

The Jim Crow Laws

Pressing matters

1880's to the 1960's, a large proportion of the united states enforced 'Jim Crow' Laws, that could legally separate and punish the two races for mingling.


Punishments could be given for putting the races together in,

Amateur Baseball,

Burial,

Barbers,

Intermarriage,

Parks,

Mental Hospitals,

Housing,

Juvenile Delinquents(separate housing),

Cohabitation,

Pool and Billiard Rooms,

Toilet Facilities,

Railroads,

Nurses,

And any other thing that could 'mingle' the two races.


Brown vs Board of Eucation

1954-1955

The 'Brown vs Board of Education' was actually a series of five cases, all about segregation in schools.

Cases-Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Briggs v. Elliot, Davis v. Board of Education of Prince Edward County (VA.), Boiling v. Sharpe, and Gebhart v. Ethel.

Argued that black schools were unequal to white's, it was brought up that the school system made black children feel inferior to the white children, making the saying 'Seperate But Equal' inadequate.



Citation

United States Courts -. "History of Brown v. Board of Education." USCOURTSGOV RSS. United States Courts, Fall n/a. Web. 12 Jan. 2014.

Facilities, Toilet. "Jim Crow Laws." National Parks Service. National Parks Service, 09 Jan. 2014. Web. 13 Jan. 2014.