Excessive bails, fines, cruel or unusual punishment
The Eighth Amendment
The eighth amendment states, "Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel or unusual punishment inflicted." This amendment is part of the Bill of Rights. It was ratified on December 15, 1791. It was originally part of the English Bill of Rights. When deciding what amendments to add, James Madison suggested this.
Cruel or Unusual Punishment
Under the eighth amendment you cannot be charged with any cruel or unusual punishment. This part of the amendment is very controversial. How do we know what punishments are cruel or unusual? It has been said by Supreme Court Justices punishments must not lower human dignity, be obviously personal, totally rejected throughout society, or completely unnecessary. There is also the issue of capitol punishment. Some people believe that the death sentence is very cruel but others think it is necessary in society.