Muhammad

Genius Day Project - Nate Mortensen

Muhammad's life

Muhammad was born in Mecca, around 570 Before Common Era (BCE). His father died prior to his birth, and his mother died when he was six. In Islam, Muhammad is commonly understood to be the final prophet of god.

What did Muhammad do and who was he?

Muhammad was the final prophet who was visited numerous times by the Archangel of god, Gabriel. Gabriel communicated to Muhammad there is one, all powerful God. Gabriel also explained to him that god was the creator of the universe. After receiving the message from Gabriel, Muhammad was charged to boldly spread Islam throughout the world.

Islam

Islam is a religion, which means to submit to the will of Allah, or god. it is a monotheistic religion where it followers are known as Muslims. The Islamic religion's sacred text is compiled into one book called the Qur'an. The Qur'an and Christian Holy Bible have similarities in that they both describe the origin of their religion as well as how it spread across the globe.
Islam, the Quran, and the Five Pillars All Without a Flamewar: Crash Course World History #13

The Five Pillars of Islam

  1. Shahadah - Shahadah is the Proclamation of Faith. "There is no God but God, and Muhammad is the messenger of god.
  2. Salat - Salat is the belief in praying five times a day facing Mecca.
  3. Zakat - Zakat is giving to charity. 2.5% of the people's income goes to charity.
  4. Sawm - Sawm is fasting during the holy month of Ramadan.
  5. Hajj - Hajj is pilgrimage to Mecca that everyone must make at least once in their life.

Death of Muhammad

Muhammad died in 632 CE as a result from succumbing to a fever. Unfortunately, the Muslim's were left without a leader. As a result, large sects of believers abandoned Islam. They refused to pay taxes while others declared themselves to be prophets. Muhammad's closest companion and adviser, Abu Bakr, was the first elected the first leader of the Islamic community.

Sunni vs. Shia

Islam started as one single religion, but because of political and spiritual difference about who should have succeeded after Muhammad's death Islam split in two different branches. The branches were the Sunni and the Shia Muslims. They had different beliefs such as who should have ruled after Muhammad's death. The Sunni's leader was Abu Bakr, the Shia's was Ali. Ali was the cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad.

Citations

"You Are Here: Islam Guide Home Chapter 3, General Information on Islam Who Is the Prophet Muhammad?" Islam Guide: Who Is the Prophet Muhammad (Mohammed)? N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2016.


"Prophet Muhammad (s.a.a.w.)." Prophet Muhammad (s.a.a.w.). The Sabr Foundation, n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2016.


"God Allah - Does It Mean God?" God Allah - Does It Mean God? N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2016.


"Islam after Muhammad's Death." Islam after Muhammad's Death. N.p., 17 Oct. 2012. Web. 11 Feb. 2016.


"Sunni vs Shia - 15 Differences (with Video)." Sunni vs Shia. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2016.


"Shia and Sunni Muslims – Do You Know the Difference?" Your Middle East. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2016.