Chinese Civil War

Enid De La Rosa

Practices of the Chinese Civil War

From 1927 to 1950 China became a part of an unfortunate, long, continuous war which is now known as the third largest war, Chinese Civil War. China was made up of three parties, communists, nationalists and warlords. Although communists and nationalists were a part of the same region and seemed as if they were supportive of one another, deep down the fake smiles was an endless strong rivalry. From 1927 to 1936 both parties attempted to eliminate one another to gain the absolute control of China, at the start of the war (1927) the nationalists party managed to kill and arrest many of the communist party leaders, this was known as the Shanghai Massacre. After the attack, Mao (communist leader) decided to create an uprising against the nationalist but failed. Mao still continued on with his attempts on eliminating nationalist leaders, but the nationalist army was always aware and prepared for whatever came their way. This became the usual and it went on for almost a decade up until 1936.

The war came to a pause once Japan invaded China and both parties united to fight the war together, today known as WWII. After WWII happened the Civil War continued and that's when everything went down hill. 1945-1950 were some of China's most difficult and hard times, because of the civil war between communists and nationalists, all of China suffered and was affected. China came to an economic crisis, many troops (both communists and nationalists) died, many Chinese citizens were displaced and there was an exceeded amount of six million deaths. Throughout the process, both parties tried to outdo each other and gain the support and control of the people of China. It seemed as the nationalist party was stronger but the communist party seemed to be more strategic and persuasive, so in the end the nationalist party eventually gave up and moved to Taiwan and gave total control of China to the communists party. According to Cold War for Kids: Chinese Civil War, the result of the war resulted in both parties went their separate ways and started the government, communist took control of China and created the"People's Republic of China." Because the communist took over most of China, nationalist moved to the small island of Taiwan and created the "Republic of China." Although the war did come to an end, it was never the end of this big rivalry between the communist and nationalist party.

What were some of the different ideologies and similarities of the two separate governments created?

As a conclusion of the war, two governments were created, the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China. Although they do seem to be and sound similar, they do have some differences. The People's Republic of China is the government that communist formed after the Chinese Civil War which is enforced in most of China. On the other hand, the Republic of China is Taiwan's form of government that was formed by the nationalist after the Chinese Civil War. Although both governments are ruled by different parties both parties believe to be the legal government of China.

Work Cited (OPVL)

  1. Rebbeca Cairns' cite, The Chinese Civil War, describes some of the events that took place during the Chinese Civil war in a thorough and descriptive manner but can still be more specific on certain terms and eliminate certain irrelevant information. (Cairns, Rebecca. "The Chinese Civil War." Chinese Revolution. Alpha History, 17 Apr. 2014. Web. 18 Sept. 2015 )
  2. Ken Nelson's site, The Cold War for Kids: Chinese Civil War, goes through some of the events that went on throughout the entire war, it describes some the major events and gives a lot of dates of the events but it doesn't give details on the causes or effects of the war. (Nelson, Ken. " The Cold War for Kids: Chinese Civil War ." Ducksters. Technological Solutions, Inc. (TSI), Sept. 2015. Web. 21 Sept. 2015. < >. )
  3. Jiu-Hwa Lo Upshur's article, Chinese Civil War, 19461949, gives a brief summary and outline on the subject it gives brief explanations on the most important events but it doesn't give many dates or in-depth information on some of the events that took place. (Upshur, Jiu-Hwa Lo. "Chinese Civil War, 19461949." Encyclopedia of World History, Vol. 5. 2013. Modern World History Online. Web. 21 Sept. 2015. <>. )


  1. Axelrod, Alan, and Charles L. Phillips. "Chinese Civil War, 19461949." Encyclopedia of Wars, Vol. 1. 2004. Modern World History Online. Web. 21 Sept. 2015. <>.
  2. Pike, John. "Military." Chinese Civil War., 2000. Web. 15 Sept. 2015.