study guide

by: Stephanie Deslaurier

Review this Tonight!

Go to bed at a decent time!

Eat Breakfast!

Eat Second Breakfast!


strategies

runners

RUNNERS

R-Read the title and directions, look at pictures, look at charts and graphs, captions, and any other text feature

U- Underline key words in the questions

N- number paragraphs

N- Now read the selection and as you read,

E-enclose or underline key words in the text

R- Reread the questions and MARK OUT WRONG ANSWERS

S-Select the best answer


stop and jot

taking notes on what paragraphs are mostly about only when you are having a hard time understanding the text


Paired Passage Strategies

- labeling questions/ t-chart- take notes about what is similar and different / note taking WHILE READING and BEFORE READING


poems

first- read the tile then wright what you think the pome will be about.

then -wright all the words that you know.( do not put, the,of,a,i, all that stuff.) then you read it.

then- read all of the poem.

then- select the best answer

themes

to find the main thing you can take out and use it in live.

their might have more thin one.

The theme is the most important message in a story. The theme will say something about life or human nature.Sometimes the theme is a moral or short lesson about life.

Inferences

Inferences are evidence-based guesses. They are the conclusions a reader draws about the unsaid based on what is actually said. Inferences drawn while reading are much like inferences drawn in everyday life

Meaning and Tone.

Tone is the reflection of an author's attitude toward his or her subject.

Central Ideas

The main idea of a passage is what the passage is mostly about. It is the basic point that the author wants the reader to understand. The sentences that support, or explain, the main idea are called supporting details.

Context Clues

Learning words can be hard. If you're not sure what a word means, it helps if you can at least know the information around the word. There are ways of figuring out what a new or unusual word means. One way is to use context clues.


to identify words we don’t know?

-Read the sentence the word is in

-Look at the sentences before and after it

-Read the entire paragraph it is in, if you still cannot figure it out

-use substitution of each answer choice, and read it out loud to yourself to see which word makes the most sense or sounds

Multiple Meaning Words

Sometimes words are spelled alike but have different meanings. Knowing about different types of words and their definitions is very important to reading and writing.

Figurative Language

simile

comparing two thing use like or as

Metaphor

comparing two use are or is

Alliteration

the occurrence of the same letter or sound

Assonance

in poetry, the repetition of the sound of a vowel or diphthong

Hyperbole

exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.

Idiom

when you say something that has a totally different meaning literally than figuratively

Example: Its raining cats and dogs. It is not LITERally raining cats and dogs, it is raining a lot.


Personification

giving an object or an animal human qualities or characteristics


Imagery

describing something using the five senses

Onomatopoeia- sound words

Hyperbole

exaggeration

Alliteration

using the same consonant sound 2 or more times

Assonance

using the same vowel sounds 2 or more times

Mood

- mood is how “ME” the reader feels after reading the text

Tone

how the author feels about the topic or the passage/ story/ etc


Author’s Purpose

persuade, entertain, inform


Denotative Meaning

dictionary definition of the word


Connotative Meaning

- the way the word makes you feel

Text structures

cause/effect, prob/solution, chronological, compare and contrast, sequential, spatial, descriptive


Theme

The moral or the message of the story Does the character change? How is the problem solved? These will help you figure out what the MESSAGE of the story or passage is.

Central Idea

=main idea- what the passage is mostly about

Main Idea

Main Idea=central idea

Details

support the main/central idea

Plot

beginning, middle, and end of the story

Exposition-the beginning= characters, setting, conflict

Setting-when and where the story takes place

Characters- antagonist- bad guys

Protagonist- good guy

Climax- turning point

Rising Action- events leading to climax

Falling Action- events leading to resolution

Resolution- the solution/ how the problem is solved


Conflict-

problem

Types of conflict

man vs man

Ex: batman vs superman

man vs society

Ex: The Boy in the Striped PJs, Number the Stars, The Uglies, Roll of Thunder

man vs self

Ex: Tally had an internal conflict- She wanted to be pretty, but she didn’t want to tell on her friends.

man vs nature

Ex: Hatchet, Castaway,


Internal and external

Character traits

in the text, or by using what characters say, do, how they act, how they dress, and how they think


Dynamic

this character usually changes in the story/ most main characters are dynamic


Static

stays the same and does not change


Inference

make an educated guess

An inference should use information from the text, but should come from your head.


What to do when you get tired or frustrated? Strategies to help you test well?

Bathroom Break and HERO STANCE!

Take deep breaths, put your head down and relax

On the way to school in the morning… LISTEN TO MUSIC YOU LIKE!!!!!

Key words you may need to know-

Analyze

significance

evaluate

describe

support

explain

predict

trace

formulate


FIND YOUR TEXT EVIDENCE FOR EACH QUESTION!